우리나라 부인의 피임수용성 및 사용양상에 관한 연구
A Study on the Acceptance and Pattern of Contraceptive Use in Korean Women

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서울대학교 의과대학
Seoul J Med 1978;19(2):81-88
The individual survey in 1974 Korean National
Fertility Survey , based on 5.420 ever-married women
in the ages 15-49 a subsample of the ever-married
women in these ages enumerated in the household
survey , provides the basis for much of the analysis
presented in this paper, dealing with pattern of contraceptive
use as related to background variables.
1. The surveyed women’s current degree of expo·
sure to risk of conception is defined by a composite
varible referred to as “ exposure status" in this study.
By the definition employed, two-third of all evermarried
women 15-49 are“exposed" in the sense that
they are currently married. not pregnant, and free of
fecundity impairments. About 10 per cent of all surveyed
women reported being currently pregnant. Fecundity
impairment accounts for 11 per cent of those
who were childless. Fecundity impairment generally
increases with age
2. Current use of contraception was examined for
those women who are fecund and exposed to the risk
of conception. thus excluding the unmarried, the
currently pregnant, and those with reported fecundity womenimpairments
other than voluntary sterilization(either
vasectomy or female sterilization) for contraceptive
purpose. Of the 3,847 exposed women,who comprised
71 per cent of the ever-married subject to the individual
survey. 46 per cent reported current use of
contraception. including sterilization for contraceptive
Current use is related quite strongly to the sex com
position of the family. Korean couples are not likely
to be using contraception much unless have at least two
children. In short , the desire for at least two children
still exerts a major inBuence on Korean fertility behaviour.
The pill (24%) and 100p(23%) are the most
popular methods in current use, together comprising
half of all use. Condom (15%) and rhythm (13%)
follow inorder but are used more by those with small
rather than large familes.
3. The respondents in the survey were classified
by “ pattern of contraceptive use, " which combines in
a summary fashion several variable examined separa·
tely such as current or past use of contraception and
a few new variables such as future intention to use
among those who never used so far. In this analysis
was restricted to the future intentions of the currently
married , fecund never-users. Overall, 60 per. cent of
them stated an intention for future use, with no variation
by current family size.
The mean length of the open birth interval for the
currently married , fecund women with at least one
live birth is 86 per cent longer for those who report
ever use of contraception in that interval as compared
to those who report no use (56.6 months vs. 30.7
4. More than half (56%) of the exposed women
who want no more children (comprising about 22 per
cent of all ever-married women in the sample) were
not currently using an efficient contraceptive method.
The relative size of the group of women who might
be given special attention in the family planning
programme because of their obvious need for family
planning is measured by the proportion of all currently
married women who state that they do not want
any more children but are not currently using an
efficient contraceptive method though exposed. About
a third of all currently married women in the ages
15-49. fall into this category.
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Dept. of Medicine (의학과)The Seoul Journal of MedicineThe Seoul Journal of Medicine Vol. 19 No.2 (1978)
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