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Vulnerability of the vestibular organs to transient ischemia: Implications for isolated vascular vertigo

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Authors
Lee, Jin Ok; Park, Seong-Ho; Kim, Hyo Jung; Kim, Min Sun; Park, Byung Rim; Kim, Ji-Soo
Issue Date
2014-01
Publisher
Elsevier
Citation
Neuroscience Letters, Vol.558 No.0, pp. 180-185
Keywords
복합학
Abstract
The aim of this study was to elucidate the mechanism of isolated vascular vertigo by determining selective and relative ischemic vulnerability of the vestibular structures using a global hypoperfusion model in rats. Sprague-Dawley male rats weighing 330-350 g were subjected to transient global ischemia of the brain using a 4-vessel-occlusion (4VO) model. After permanent occlusion of both vertebral arteries (VA) using electrocauterization, both common carotid arteries (CCAs) were occluded for 5-20 min with ligation. One hour after reperfusion of the CCAs, the animals were sacrificed and subjected to c-Fos staining of the entire cerebellum, brainstem, and vestibular ganglion. The rats in the sham group received the same surgical procedures except the vessel ligation. With 4VO for 5-15 min, both the sham and experimental groups showed a weak and scarce c-Fos expression in the medial vestibular nucleus (MVN), neuron Y, and cochlear nucleus. After 4VO for 20 min, only the MVN began to show a significant difference in the number of c-Fos positive neurons between the experimental and sham groups (33.7 +/- 17.7 vs. 7.1 +/- 5.1, Wilcoxon rank test, p = 0.005). With 4VO for up to 20 min, c-Fos positive neurons were not found in other areas of the brainstem and cerebellum, including the superior, lateral, and spinal vestibular nuclei, the vestibular ganglion, the cerebellar cortex, and the deep cerebellar nuclei. The vestibular structures appear to be vulnerable to ischemia more than any other structures in the brainstem and cerebellum. Of the vestibular structures, the MVN is most vulnerable to ischemic insults in rats. These findings are consistent with the common findings of vertigo as an initial and isolated symptom of posterior circulation ischemia in human.
ISSN
0304-3940
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/94217
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neulet.2013.11.016
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Dept. of Neurology (신경과학교실)Journal Papers (저널논문_신경과학교실)
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