한국의 회충증 및 그 관리문제
Ascariasis and Its Control Problems in Korea

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서울대학교 의과대학
Seoul J Med 1981;22(3):323-341
Ascaris lumbricoides is one of the most widely
distributed and commonest helminths in the
world. According to the paper, ‘T his wormy
world' (Stoll , 1947) , the number of infected
eases among 2,167 million global population
was estimated about 644 millions (about 30 pereent)
, and the majority in parts of Asia were
found to be infected. Korea , which is a peninsula
of Asia continent, seems also one of the
nations where temperature, soil nature and
other socioenvironmental conditions are favourable
for infection cycle of this worm.
In faet , the prevalence had been high in
Korea according to many reports until about a
decade ago. Recently , however, the condition
has been mueh improved not only due to the
elevated socioeconomic status of Korean people
but also due to the control activity performed
by the Korea Association for Parasite Eradication
(KAPE) mainly on primary, middle and
-ιs、high school students for longer than 10 years
(KAPE, 1!)80).
Nevertheless, the present status of 11scaris
infection in this country is not satisfactory.
The prevalence was still I I. G percent among
student groups in spring, l~l80 and 41. 0 percent
among whole age groups in 1~)7G (KAPE,
1980; Ministry of Health and Social Affairs and
KAPE, 1976). However, it is demonstrated
that the prevalence has been steadily declining.
In this connection the present intention is to
strengthen the control activity and also to attempt
eradication from this country.
In assessing the desirability of special control
programme of ascariasis, the research team of
the Institute of Endemic Diseases, College of
Medicine, Seoul National Uniγersity designed a
projected programme in 1!)76 under the ultimate
purpose to investigate more effective and efficient
mass treatment strategy. The project was carried
。u t for three years from 1977 to 1980 on the
inhabitants of a rural area, Hyangnam Myon,
Hwasung Gun , Kyunggi Do, through the rese
arch grants froπ Asian Parasite Control Organization,
The Ministry of Education , Republic of
Korea and others
The above pilot project was quite successfully
pursued in order to make greater progress towards
the control of ascariasis in this country
The author would like to present and discuss
the obtained results with brief review of literature.
The main subjects dealt in this paper
were biological and epidemiological parameters
related to the control and approaches to tho
control strategy.
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Dept. of Medicine (의학과)The Seoul Journal of MedicineThe Seoul Journal of Medicine Vol. 22 No.2 (1981)
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