A Forecast Model for the First Occurrence of Phytophthora Blight on Chili Pepper after Overwintering

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Do, Ki Seok; Kang, Wee Soo; Park, Eun Woo
Issue Date
Plant Pathology Journal, vol.28 no.2, pp. 172-184
disease forecastinfection riskpepperPhytophthora blightprimary infection
An infection risk model for Phytophthora blight on chili pepper was developed to estimate the first date of disease occurrence in the field. The model consisted of three parts including estimation of zoosporangium formation, soil water content, and amount of active inoculum in soil. Daily weather data on air temperature, relative humidity and rainfall, and the soil texture data of local areas were used to estimate infection risk level that was quantified as the accumulated amount of active inoculum during the prior three days. Based on the analysis on 190 sets of weather and disease data, it was found that the threshold infection risk of 224 could be an appropriate criterion for determining the primary infection date. The 95% confidence interval for the difference between the estimated date of primary infection and the observed date of first disease occurrence was 8 ± 3 days. In the model validation tests, the observed dates of first disease occurrence were within the 95% confidence intervals of the estimated dates in the five out of six cases. The sensitivity analyses suggested that the model was more responsive to temperature and soil texture than relative humidity, rainfall, and transplanting date. The infection risk model could be implemented in practice to control Phytophthora blight in chili pepper fields.
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College of Agriculture and Life Sciences (농업생명과학대학)Program in Agricultural Biotechnology (협동과정-농업생물공학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_협동과정-농업생물공학전공)
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