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Wetting transition and optimal design for microstructured surfaces with hydrophobic and hydrophilic materials

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Authors
Park, Chan Ick; Jeong, Hoon Eui; Lee, Sung Hoon; Cho, Hye Sung; Suh, Kahp Y.
Issue Date
2009-08-01
Publisher
Elsevier
Citation
J. Colloid Interface Sci. 336 (1) (2009) 298-303
Keywords
Wetting transitionMicrostructureSoft lithographyReplica moldingCapillary forcePolymerSUPERHYDROPHOBIC SURFACESROUGH SURFACESCONTACT ANGLESMICROFLUIDIC CHANNELSWATER DROPLETSDROPSWENZELMODELNANOCHANNELSHYSTERESIS
Abstract
We present wetting transition of a water droplet on microstructured polymer surfaces using materials with different hydrophilicity or hydrophobicity: hydrophobic polydimethyl siloxane (PDMS) (theta(water) similar to 110 degrees) and hydrophilic Norland Optical Adhesive (NOA) (theta(water) similar to 70 degrees). The microstructures were fabricated by replica molding and self-replication with varying pillar geometry [diameter: 5 mu m, spacing-to-diameter ratio (s/d): 1-10 (equal interval), height-to-diameter ratio (h/d): 1-5] over an area of 100 mm(2) (10 mm x 10 mm). Measurements of contact angle (CA) and contact angle hysteresis (CAH) demonstrated that wetting state was either in the homogeneous Cassie regime or in the mixed regime of Cassie and Wenzel states depending on the values of s/d and h/d. These two ratios need to be adjusted to maintain stable superhydrophobic properties in the Cassie regime: s/d should be smaller than similar to 7 (PDMS) and similar to 6 (NOA) with h/d being larger than similar to 2 to avoid wetting transition by collapse of a water droplet into the microstructure. Based on our observations, optimal design parameters were derived to achieve robust hydrophobicity of a microstructured surface with hydrophobic and hydrophilic materials.
ISSN
0021-9797
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/9563
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2009.04.022
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Mechanical Aerospace Engineering (기계항공공학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_기계항공공학부)
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