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한국의 교육부문 원조정책의 방향: 수원 경험에 비추어서
The Korean Aid Policy for the Education Sector: Future Direction

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Authors
이계우; 민유주아나
Issue Date
2010
Publisher
서울대학교 국제대학원
Citation
국제지역연구, Vol.19 No.1, pp. 1-46
Keywords
official development assistanceinvestment in educationeconomic growthaid effectiveness공적원조교육투자경제성장원조의 효과성
Abstract
본 논문은 한국이 세계은행으로부터 제공받은 교육분야의 공적원조를 어떻게 효율적으로 활용하여 경제성장에 기여하였는가를 회고적으로 분석-검토함으로써, 개도국을 위한 한국의 공적개발원조 정책의 수립에 반영될 수 있는 교훈을 도출한다. 세계은행으로부터 도입된 교육차관은 그목적과 용도 및 차관선면에서 지속적으로 선택과 집중을 꾀하였고, 교육차관투자의 우선순위가 경제발전정책과 일치하였다는 특징이 있다. 차관사업의 목적과 내용이 단순하고 명료하여 집행이 용이하였으며, 반복적으로 수원하여 위험을 분산하고 학습효과를 증대하였다. 또 세계은행과 한국정부가 교육부문의 분석과 부문사업차관의 방식 및 집행의 점검-감독제도를 효율적으로 활용하였다는 특징을 가지고 있었다.

This paper analyzes Korean government's application of the World Bank loans/credits in the education sector for Korea's economic and social growth and draws some key lessons that can be reflected in the Korean government's official development assistance policies for other developing countries in the future. The World Bank loans and credits extended to the government of Korea for the education sector were characterized by the consistent focus and concentration in their objectives, applications, and lenders and by their alignment with the priorities of the economic development strategies and policies. The objectives and contents of the loan and credit projects were so simple and clear that the implementation of the projects were relatively easy and of the short duration. The objectives and contents of the projects were so repetitive that potential risks involved in the project design and implementation were effectively distributed over several projects and the leaning curve of the Korean government officials improved sharply. Also, theWorld Bank staff and Korean government officials effectively applied the education sector analysis practice and appropriately used the sector loan/credit system, as well as the monitoring and supervision systems for projects implementation.
ISSN
1226-7317
Language
Korean
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/96239
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Graduate School of International Studies (국제대학원)Dept. of International Studies (국제학과)국제지역연구 국제지역연구 vol.19 no.1/4 (2010)
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