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아프리카 DR콩고의 농촌종합개발사업 현황과 과제: 추엔게 지역을 중심으로
Situation and Task of the Integrated Rural Development Project in Tshuenge Area, D.R. Congo of Africa

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Authors
허진영
Issue Date
2015
Publisher
서울대학교 국제대학원
Citation
국제지역연구, Vol.24 No.4, pp. 117-140
Keywords
Tshuengerural developmentImprovement of living conditionIncome generationCapacity building추엔게농촌개발생활개선소득창출역량강화
Abstract
콩고민주공화국의 수도 킨샤사에 인접하고 있는 추엔게 지역은 지리적으로 유리한 입지여건을 가지고 있을 뿐만 아니라 넓고 기름진 농경지를 보유하고 있는 도시근교 농업지역이다. 또한 콩고강과 추엔게강을 수원으로 하는 풍부한 수자원을 확보하고 있어 건기에도 물 걱정 없이 농사를 지을 수 있는 유리한 여건을 구비하고 있는 지역이다. 이 지역에 한국정부가 시행한 DR콩고 추엔게 농촌종합개발사업은 대한민국 농림수산식품부의 공적개발원조(ODA) 자금에 의한 무상지원사업으로 2010년 7월 9일 양국 대표단의 R/D(Record of Discussion) 체결에 의해 시작되었다. 그 이후 2010년 11월부터 2014년 10월까지 4년간에 걸쳐 사업을 해왔으며 주요목적은 소득증대, 주민역량강화, 생활환경개선 등을 통한 사업지역 주민의 삶의 질 향상과 본 사업의 성공적인 수행을 통한 양국 간 농업․농촌개발 분야 협력 강화에 있다. 사업내용은 전문가 파견, 농촌인프라 건설, 주민역량강화, 한국초청연수, 기자재지원 등으로 구성되어 있다. 지금까지의 추엔게 지역 농촌종합개발사업의 현황에 대해 살펴보고 이를 바탕으로 한국 정부가 농촌종합개발사업에 있어서 개선되어야 방향을 제시하고자 한다.

The main objectives of the Project are to improve quality of life through income generation, capacity building and betterment of living environment for the beneficiaries in the project area, and to strengthen relationship and cooperation on agricultural and rural development between Republic of Korea and Democratic Republic of Congo through the successful implementation of the Project. The Project scopes are based on the R/D (Record of Discussion) signed on July 2010 by the representatives of both governments. The components of the Project would be largely classified as the followings: Improvement of living condition (Construction of public facilities: community center, drinking water, construction of farming facilities: complex plaza (multi-warehouse), rice drying facility). Income generation: Increment of agricultural productivity (operation of demonstration farms (rice, vegetables, farmyard manure), establishment of income increment facilities (construction of fish farms and establishment of rice milling center). Capacity building: job training (plastering and brick making, baking, beauty art, sewing training courses, organization of village committees (organizing and operating village development committee and sub-committees), overseas training (high and working level courses in Korea). Provision of equipments and materials(agricultural machineries and tools, office equipments, job training materials etc). We suggest that the Tshuenge Community Development Committee should continuously develop the “community business units” established by the Project. The central and provincial government should assist Operation and Maintenance (O&M) activities of the Tshuenge Community Development Committee. For having ownership and unification for Tshuenge community, through the leading role of the Tshuenge Community Development Committee, Carrying on the “Love Tshuenge” campaign should be recommended. The central government should prepare the law or regulation related to O&M of public projectss, also should establish the own department to play a role in O&M policy implementation for the public projects.
ISSN
1226-7317
Language
Korean
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/96357
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Graduate School of International Studies (국제대학원)Dept. of International Studies (국제학과)국제지역연구 국제지역연구 vol.24 no.1/4 (2015)
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