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China’s Relations with Latin America: Issues, Policy, Strategies, and Implications

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Authors
Choo, Jae-woo
Issue Date
2009-12
Publisher
Institute of International Affairs, Graduate School of International Studies, Seoul National University
Citation
Journal of International and Area Studies, Vol.16 No.2, pp. 71-92
Keywords
ChinaLatin Americasummit diplomacybilateral approachesmultilateral cooperation‘going-out (zouchuqu)’ strategyUS predominance
Abstract
China’s presence in Latin America has been visible and active to the extent that it has raised growing concerns in the policy-making community in the United States. American concerns can be attributed to the lack of clarity about Chinese motivations. Although China proclaims its motives to be apolitical and all economics, however, it has been expanding the relations into such areas of concerns as in military and security areas in the name of “Third World” or “developing countries.” In addition, Chinese motives behind its desire to improve political ties with the regional states are justified with their shared outlook of the world from anti-imperialism, anti-colonialism to the needs for new international order. Until recently, China’s relations with Latin America had remained somewhat distant not only for geographical reasons, but also for political reasons. China’s isolation in the 1960’s and 1970’s kept the relationship literally idle, and the opening of the country emphasized development of relations with the West, thereby naturally neglecting the relations with developing countries including the Latin American states. To overcome this, China has employed a number of strategies (e.g. summit diplomacy, bilateral approaches, multilateral cooperation, and “going-out (zouchuqu).” These strategies prove that China’s relationship with Latin America are at a rebuilding stage, and that its influence in the region is still marginal. China’s growing presence will neither entail political or security ramifications to the region nor be a challenge to the US predominance yet.
ISSN
1226-8550
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/96482
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Graduate School of International Studies (국제대학원)Dept. of International Studies (국제학과)Journal of International and Area StudiesJournal of International and Area Studies vol.16 (2009)
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