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Contradictions of Global Accountability: The World Bank, Development NGOs, and Global Social Governance

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Authors
Kim, Taekyoon
Issue Date
2011-12
Publisher
Institute of International Affairs, Graduate School of International Studies, Seoul National University
Citation
Journal of International and Area Studies, Vol.18 No.2, pp. 23-47
Keywords
Global AccountabilityContradictionsEfficiencyDevelopment NGOsWorld Bank Inspection PanelGlobal Governance
Abstract
This study sets out to investigate the structural contradictions of accountability deficits in global

social governance, with the particular reference to the World Bank Inspection Panel and its associated development NGOs. In theorizing ‘global social policy’ as a new field of social policy agendas, less attention has been hitherto paid to the notion of accountability, which should have been placed at the centre of discourses on global social governance. Given the absence of central global government which can enforce the accountability mechanism, the World Bank’s attempt to embrace external actors – particularly, international NGOs – as key stakeholders contributes to filling the accountability gaps, thereby enhancing the legitimacy of the Bank’s intervention in globalised social problems. This study aims to locate not only the intersection of the accountability problem and global social policy, but also some structural dilemmas embedded in the accountability of policy transfers from global institutions to national social policy. By taking the two investigation cases of the World Bank Inspection Panel (China and Argentina), it identifies two modes of contradictions of global accountability: (i) the ‘abused’ which results from the overemphasis on accountability, thereby sidelining the Bank’s effective functions; and (ii) the ‘phased denial’ which is the negative outcome of the Bank’s deliberate controlling system designed to reduce the number of accountability requests.
ISSN
1226-8550
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/96519
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Graduate School of International Studies (국제대학원)Dept. of International Studies (국제학과)Journal of International and Area StudiesJournal of International and Area Studies vol.18 (2011)
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