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Legacy of Khmer Rouge on Skill Formation in Cambodia

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Authors
Jeong, Hyeok
Issue Date
2014-06
Publisher
Institute of International Affairs, Graduate School of International Studies, Seoul National University
Citation
Journal of International and Area Studies, Vol.21 No.1, pp. 1-19
Keywords
skill shortageskill mismatchdemographyTVET Systemeducational reformCambodian labor market
Abstract
This paper explores the effects of the demographic shocks related to the genocide of Khmer Rouge regime and their implications on skill formation in Cambodia. We found that the mass and targeted massacre created a deep hole in the middle-aged and the educated. After the end of the regime and the subsequent transition periods, baby boom followed. This baby-boom generation youth had difficulty in finding qualified teachers at schools and experienced mentors at workplaces and this led to the breaks of the intergenerational link of human capital transfer in Cambodia. Unfortunately, the current curriculum design of the TVET and general education in Cambodia is biased against the skill needs of the Cambodian labor market. Fixing these problems is an urgent issue for the sustainable development in Cambodia.
ISSN
1226-8550
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/96561
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Graduate School of International Studies (국제대학원)Dept. of International Studies (국제학과)Journal of International and Area StudiesJournal of International and Area Studies vol.21 (2014)
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