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Varieties of East Asian Developmentalist Trade Policy: The Trade Liberalization-Industrial Policy Nexus in Thailand and South Korea

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Authors
Koo, Min Gyo; Hong, Seok-Bin
Issue Date
2014-12
Publisher
Institute of International Affairs, Graduate School of International Studies, Seoul National University
Citation
Journal of International and Area Studies, Vol.21 No.2, pp. 1-25
Keywords
East Asian developmental statefree trade agreement (FTA)South KoreaThailandindustrial policy
Abstract
This study explores the varieties of East Asian developmentalist trade policy by analyzing Thailand’s and South Korea’s pursuit of free trade agreements (FTAs). Thailand and South Korea offer a nice laboratory to test a ‘neoliberal vs. developmental’ perspective. After Prime Minister Thaksin took office in 2001, Thailand became a pacesetter in East Asia’s pursuit of FTAs with its policy nexus of developmentalism and liberalism. However, the lack of institutionalization of trade policy-making process soon led Thaksin’s CEO-style leadership and pro-business policy bias to cronyism and corruption. In contrast to Thailand’s abrupt move from developmental liberalism to sectoral cronyism, South Korea has successfully institutionalized its transition from developmental mercantilism to developmental liberalism by strengthening the key trade agency—i.e., the Office of the Minister for Trade, which successfully embedded its industrial policy goals in liberal trade initiatives.
ISSN
1226-8550
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/96567
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Graduate School of International Studies (국제대학원)Dept. of International Studies (국제학과)Journal of International and Area StudiesJournal of International and Area Studies vol.21 (2014)
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