S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Cancer Research Institute (암연구소) Journal Papers (저널논문_암연구소)
Prognostic significance of bcl-2 expression in stage III breast cancer patients who had received doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide followed by paclitaxel as adjuvant chemotherapy
- Lee, Kyung-Hun; Im, Seock-Ah; Oh, Do-Youn; Lee, Se-Hoon; Chie, Eui Kyu; Han, Wonshik; Kim, Dong-Wan; Kim, Tae-You; Park, In Ae; Noh, Dong-Young; Heo, Dae Seog; Ha, Sung Whan; Bang, Yung-Jue
- Issue Date
- BioMed Central
- BMC Cancer, Vol.7, p. 63
- Background: Bcl-2 is positively regulated by hormonal receptor pathways in breast cancer. A study was conducted to assess the prognostic significances of clinico-pathologic variables and of ER, PR, p53, c-erbB2, bcl-2, or Ki-67 as markers of relapse in breast cancer patients who had received the identical adjuvant therapy at a single institution. Methods: A cohort of 151 curatively resected stage III breast cancer patients ( M: F = 3: 148, median age 46 years) who had 4 or more positive lymph nodes and received doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide followed by paclitaxel (AC/T) as adjuvant chemotherapy was analyzed for clinico-pathologic characteristics including disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival ( OS). Patients with positive ER and/or PR expression received 5 years of tamoxifen following AC/T. The protein expressions of biomarkers were assessed immunohistochemically. Results: The median follow-up duration was 36 months, and 37 patients (24.5%) experienced a recurrence. Univariate analyses indicated that the tumor size ( P = 0.038) and the number of involved lymph nodes ( P < 0.001) significantly affected the recurrences. However, the type of surgery, the histology, histologic grade, the presence of endolymphatic emboli, and a close resection margin did not. Moreover, ER positivity ( P = 0.013), bcl-2 positivity ( P = 0.002) and low p53 expression ( P = 0.032) were found to be significantly associated with a prolonged DFS. Furthermore, multivariate analysis identified 10 or more involved lymph nodes (HR 7.366; P < 0.001), negative bcl-2 expression ( HR 2.895; P = 0.030), and c-erbB2 over-expression ( HR 3.535; P = 0.001) as independent indicators of poorer DFS. In addition, bcl-2 expression was found to be significantly correlated with the expressions of ER and PR, and inversely correlated with the expressions of p53, c-erbB2 and Ki-67. Patients with bcl-2 expression had a significantly longer DFS than those without, even in the ER (+) subgroup. Moreover, OS was significantly affected by ER, bcl-2 and c-erbB2. Conclusion: Bcl-2 is an independent prognostic factor of DFS in curatively resected stage III breast cancer patients and appears to be a useful prognostic factor in combination with c-erbB2 and the number of involved lymph nodes.