인공호흡기 치료환자의 이탈(weaning) 성공 관련 요인에 대한 연구
A Study of The Related Factors to Successful Weaning from Mechanical Ventilation in ICU Patients
- 김은성; 최스미
- Issue Date
- J Korean Biol Nurs Sci, 9(1), 71-84
- 인공호흡기 치료; 인공호흡기 이탈; 심리적 요인; Ventilators; Mechanical; Ventilator weaning; Factors; Psychological
- Purpose : The Purpose of this study was to identify the physiological, psychological factors to successful weaning of mechanical ventilation in ICU patients. Method: Data was collected by interview with the use of questionnaires from 70 ICU patients, who were mechanically ventilated more than 3days at Y university medical center. Data was analyzed with descriptive statics, t-test, and x² test, and Pearson Coefficient Correlation using SPSS WIN 12.0 program. Result: ICU patients with mechanical ventilator during weaning period reported high levels of anxiety, moderate levels of stress, and fatigue. The physiological, psychological factors influencing ventilator weaning success were RSB(p=0.007), stress(p=0.009), anxiety(p=0.020), depression(p=0.040), fatigue(p=0.001), and dyspnea(p=0.010). The RSBI factor was shown to have positive correlations with ventilator care periods, PaCO₂, and fatigue. Dyspnea was also positively correlated with stress, anxiety, depression, and fatigue. Conclusion: This study suggests that RSBI, stress, anxiety, depression, fatigue, and dyspnea are significant factors to successful weaning from mechanical ventilation.