변화하는 법조의 세계 -한국의 경험을 중심으로-
Legal Profession in Transformation -The Korean Experience-

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서울대학교 법학연구소
법학, Vol.45 No1 pp.1-26
한국의 legal profession변호사수사회변화를 주도대륙법계
Korean society has been tremendously transformed from a war-torn,
predominantly agricultural state up to the 1960s into an industrialized and
globalized information society today. The Korean legal profession has undergone
transformation as well for the last few decades. The per capita national income
was around $100 and 60% of the population was in the agricultural sector in
the 1960s, but their figures are respectively around $10,000 and 10% in the
1990s and in the 2000s. There were around 400 to 700 practising lawyers
against the population of around 25 millions in the 1960s, but their number now
reached around 5,500 against the population of around 45 millions in the 2000s.
The prevailed patterns of practice that had ruled the legal profession up to the
mid-1980s were: once you passed the bar examination, you go to the compulsory
course for a lawyer at the government-run Judicial Research and Training
Institute (JRTI) for two years and then to practice after having acquired a few
years of practical experiences as a career judge or public prosecutor (a
governmental lawyer); solo practice was the norm; and their orientation was
litigation in typical civil and criminal cases. Now there have emerged
diversifications of practice such as emergence of legal specialists in other areas
of law (such as corporation, security, tax, environment, patent, and anti-trust law)
than ordinary civil and criminal law, blossoming of law firms and in-house
counsels, drafting and counselling along with advocacy, playing of a policymaking
role, and practice without a prior practical experience as a governmental
lawyer immediately after their education and training at the JRTI.
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College of Law/Law School (법과대학/대학원)The Law Research Institute (법학연구소) 법학법학 Volume 45, Number 1/4 (2004)
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