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The influence of abuse situation and respondent background characteristics on Korean nurses’ perceptions of child sexual abuse: A fractional factorial design

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Authors
Ko, ChungMee; Koh, Chin-Kang
Issue Date
2006-06-24
Publisher
Elsevier
Citation
International Journal of Nursing Studies 44, 1165-1176
Keywords
Child sexual abuseNursesKoreaPerceptionsFactorial survey
Abstract
Objective
This study was designed to identify characteristics of Korean nurses’ perceptions about child sexual abuse. More specifically, it was designed to examine to what extent various child sexual abuse incident characteristics and respondent background characteristics affect Korean nurses’ perceptions of the seriousness of child sexual abuse incidents.

Methods
A vignette design was used to assess 1029 Korean registered nurses’ perceptions of child sexual abuse. Seven abuse situation variables were organized into 64 vignettes in a one-fourth fractional factorial design. Respondents were given randomly selected and ordered samples of 16 of the vignettes and asked to indicate the degree of seriousness of the sexual abuse incidents portrayed in the vignettes. Information was also gathered about respondent demographics and personal history of child sexual abuse.

Results
Logistic regression analyses showed intrusiveness of the sexual act had the greatest impact on Korean nurses’ perceptions of the seriousness of child sexual abuse, followed by victim resistance, cross-gender combinations of victim and perpetrator, frequency of sexual acts, and age of perpetrator, all of which were abuse situational characteristics. With the exception of media exposure to sexual abuse, background characteristics and sexual abuse history had negligible effect on perceived seriousness.

Conclusions
Situational characteristics, not respondent characteristics, influence the perceived seriousness of child sexual abuse for Korean nurses. These findings are similar to those obtained previously with US samples.
ISSN
0020-7489
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/9786
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2006.05.009
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College of Nursing (간호대학)Dept. of Nursing (간호학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_간호학과)
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