S-Space College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원) Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering (컴퓨터공학부) Journal Papers (저널논문_컴퓨터공학부)
Clustering and evolutionary analysis of small RNAs identify regulatory siRNA clusters induced under drought stress in rice
- Jung, Inuk; Ahn, Hongryul; Shin, Seon-Ju; Kim, Jukon; Kwon, Hawk-Bin; Jung, Woosuk; Kim, Sun
- Issue Date
- BioMed Central
- BMC Systems Biology, 10(Suppl 4):115
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Drought tolerance is an important trait related to growth and yield in crop. Until now, drought related research has focused on coding genes. However, non-coding RNAs also respond significantly to environmental stimuli such as drought stress. Unfortunately, characterizing the role of siRNAs under drought stress is difficult since a large number of heterogenous siRNA species are expressed under drought stress and non-coding RNAs have very weak evolutionary conservation. Thus, to characterize the role of siRNAs, we need a well designed biological and bioinformatics strategy. In this paper, to characterize the function of siRNAs we developed and used a bioinformatics pipeline that includes a genomic-location based clustering technique and an evolutionary conservation tool.
By comparing the wild type Nipponbare and two drought resistant rice varities, we found that 21 nt and 24 nt siRNAs are significantly expressed in the three rice plants but at different time points under a short-term (0, 1, and 6 hrs) drought treatment. siRNAs were up-regulated in the wild type at an early stage while the up-regulation was delayed in the two drought tolerant plants. Genes targeted by up-regulated siRNAs were related to oxidation reduction and proteolysis, which are well known to be associated with water deficit phenotypes. More interestingly, we found that siRNAs were located in intronic regions as clusters and were of high evolutionary conservation among monocot grass plants. In summary, we show that siRNAs are important respondents to drought stress and regulate genes related to the drought tolerance in water deficit conditions.