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Effect of Long Working Hours on Self-reported Hypertension among Middle-aged and Older Wage Workers

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Authors
Yoo, Dong Hyun; Kang, Mo-yeol; Paek, Domyung; Min, Bokki; Cho, Sung-il
Issue Date
2014-09-03
Publisher
BioMed Central
Citation
Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 26(1):25
Keywords
Long working hoursHypertensionSelf-reported hypertensionWage workers
Abstract
Objectives
Many studies have reported an association between overwork and hypertension. However, research on the health effects of long working hours has yielded inconclusive results. The objective of this study was to identify an association between overtime work and hypertension in wage workers 45 years and over of age using prospective data.

Methods
Wage workers in Korea aged 45 years and over were selected for inclusion in this study from among 10,254 subjects from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing. Workers with baseline hypertension and those with other major diseases were excluded. In the end, a total of 1,079 subjects were included. A Cox proportional hazards model was used to calculate hazard ratios and adjust for baseline characteristics such as sex, age, education, income, occupation, form of employment, body mass index, alcohol habit, smoking habit, regular exercise, and number of working days per week. Additional models were used to calculate hazard ratios after gender stratification.

Results
Among the 1,079 subjects, 85 workers were diagnosed with hypertension during 3974.2 person-months. The average number of working hours per week for all subjects was 47.68. The proportion of overtime workers was 61.0% (cutoff, 40 h per week). Compared with those working 40 h and less per week, the hazard ratio of subjects in the final model, which adjusted for all selected variables, working 41-50 h per week was 2.20 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.19–4.06), that of subjects working 51-60 h per week was 2.40 (95% CI, 1.07–5.39), and that of subjects working 61 h and over per week was 2.87 (95% CI, 1.33–6.20). In gender stratification models, the hazard ratio of the females tended to be higher than that of the males.

Conclusion
As the number of working hours per week increased, the hazard ratio for diagnosis of hypertension significantly increased. This result suggests a positive association between overtime work and the risk of hypertension.
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/110106
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1186/s40557-014-0025-0
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Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원)Dept. of Environmental Health (환경보건학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_환경보건학과)
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