S-Space College of Agriculture and Life Sciences (농업생명과학대학) Dept. of Plant Science (식물생산과학부) Journal Papers (저널논문_식물생산과학부)
Correcting population stratification in pepper core collection for genome-wide association studies (GWAS)
- Lee, Hea-Young; Han, Koeun; Kwon, Jin-Kyung; Kang, Byoung-Cheorl
- Issue Date
- 한국육종학회지-차세대BG21사업단-GSP 사업단 공동심포지엄, pp. 221
- Correcting population stratification in pepper core collection for genome-wide association studies (GWAS); 농수해양
- Genome-wide association study (GWAS) is an effective approach for identifying genetic variants associated to useful agronomic traits. GWAS has emerged as a powerful approach for identifying genes underlying complex diseases or morphological traits at an unprecedented rate. In such studies, it is very important to correct for population stratification, which refers to allele frequency differences between cases and controls due to systematic ancestry differences. Population stratification can cause false positive findings if not adjusted properly. As we are planning to perform GWAS for various agronomic traits in pepper, a genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS) approach was used to provide dense genome-wide marker coverage (>33,000 SNPs) for a 250 pepper core collection. Using GBS platform, high density haplotype map was constructed and various stratification methods, including distance based phylogenetic methods, principal component analysis (PCA), and bayesian phylogenetic methods (STRUCTURE) were performed to show the genetic diversity and population stratification. These results will not only find genetic variants among pepper accessions but also provide powerful evidence for reducing first positive error to perform GWAS in large scale studies.