Therapeutic effect of a novel histone deacetylase 6 inhibitor, CKD-L, on collagen-induced arthritis in vivo and regulatory T cells in rheumatoid arthritis in vitro

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Oh, Bo Ram; Suh, Dong-hyeon; Bae, Daekwon; Ha, Nina; Choi, Young Il; Yoo, Hyun Jung; Park, Jin Kyun; Lee, Eun Young; Lee, Eun Bong; Song, Yeong Wook
Issue Date
Arthritis Research & Therapy. 2017 Jul 03;19(1):154
Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor has recently been reported to have a therapeutic effect as an anti-inflammatory agent in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). We investigated the therapeutic effect of a new selective HDAC6 inhibitor, CKD-L, compared to ITF 2357 or Tubastatin A on CIA and regulatory T (Treg) cells in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

CIA was induced by bovine type II collagen (CII) in DBA/1 J mice. Mice were treated with HDAC inhibitor for 18 days. Arthritis score was assessed and histological analysis was performed by hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) stain. Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte associated protein (CTLA)-4 expression in induced Treg cells was analyzed and suppression assay was analyzed using Treg cells and effector T (Teff) cells isolated from naive C57BL/6 mice by flow cytometry. Cytokines were analyzed in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of five patients with RA by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) was analyzed using PMA- activated THP-1 cells by ELISA. Suppression assay was analyzed using Treg cells and Teff cells isolated from RA patients by flow cytometry.

In the CIA model, CKD-L and Tubastatin A significantly decreased the arthritis score. CKD-L increased CTLA-4 expression in Foxp3+ T cells and inhibited the proliferation of Teff cells in the suppression assay. In RA PBMC, CKD-L significantly inhibited TNF and interleukin (IL)-1β, and increased IL-10. CKD-L and Tubastatin A inhibited TNF secretion from PMA-activated THP-1 cells. CKD-L and ITF 2357 inhibited the proliferation of Teff cells in RA patients in the suppression assay. Tubastatin A had no effect on inhibition of proliferation.

CKD-L decreased the arthritis score in CIA, reduced the expression of TNF and IL-1β, and increased the expression of IL-10 in PBMC from RA patients. CKD-L increased CTLA-4 expression and the suppressive function of Treg cells. These results suggest that CKD-L may have a beneficial effect in the treatment of RA.
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Graduate School of Convergence Science and Technology (융합과학기술대학원)Dept. of Molecular and Biopharmaceutical Sciences (분자의학 및 바이오제약학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_분자의학 및 바이오제약학과)
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