S-Space College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원) Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering (전기·정보공학부) Theses (Ph.D. / Sc.D._전기·정보공학부)
New Low-Complexity SLM Schemes and Clipping Noise Cancellation for OFDM Systems
OFDM 시스템을 위한 새로운 저 복잡도 SLM 방식 및 클리핑 잡음 제거 기법 연구
- 공과대학 전기·컴퓨터공학부
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 대학원
- Clipping; compressed sensing (CS); orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM); peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR); selected mapping (SLM)
- 학위논문 (박사)-- 서울대학교 대학원 : 전기·컴퓨터공학부, 2015. 2. 노종선.
- In this dissertation, several research results for the peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR) reduction schemes for orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) systems are discussed. First, the basic principle and implementation of the OFDM systems are introduced, where high PAPR of OFDM signal is one of main drawbacks of OFDM systems. Thus, many PAPR reduction schemes to solve this problem have been studied such as clipping, selected mapping (SLM), partial transmit sequence (PTS), and tone reservation.
In the first part of this dissertation, a low-complexity SLM scheme is proposed, where the proposed SLM scheme generates alternative OFDM signal sequences by cyclically shifting the connections in each subblock at an intermediate stage of inverse fast Fourier transform (IFFT). Compared with the conventional SLM scheme, the proposed SLM scheme achieves similar PAPR reduction performance with much lower computational complexity and no bit error rate (BER) degradation. The performance of the proposed SLM scheme is analyzed mathematically and verified through numerical analysis. Also, it is shown that the proposed SLM scheme has the lowest computational complexity among the existing low-complexity SLM schemes exploiting the signals at an intermediate stage of IFFT.
In the second part of this dissertation, an efficient selection (ES) method of the OFDM signal sequence with the minimum PAPR among many alternative OFDM signal sequences is proposed, which can be used for various SLM schemes. The proposed ES method efficiently generates each component of alternative OFDM signal by utilizing the structure of IFFT and calculates its power, and such generation procedure is interrupted if the calculated power is larger than the given threshold. By using the proposed ES method, the average computational complexity of considered SLM schemes is substantially reduced without degradation of PAPR reduction performance, which is confirmed by analytical and numerical results.
In the third part of this dissertation, a clipping noise cancellation scheme using compressed sensing (CS) technique is proposed for OFDM systems. The proposed scheme does not need reserved tones or pilot tones, which is different from the previous works using CS technique. Instead, observations of the clipping noise in data tones are exploited, which leads to no loss of data rate. Also, in contrast with the previous works, the proposed scheme selectively exploits the reliable observations of the clipping noise instead of using whole observations, which results in minimizing the bad influence of channel noise. From the selected reliable observations, the clipping noise in time domain is reconstructed and cancelled by using CS technique. Simulation results show that the proposed scheme performs well compared to other conventional clipping noise cancellation schemes and shows the best performance in the severely clipped cases.