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개념과 징표 - 일반논리학과 초월논리학의 관계 연구(1)
The Relationship between Formal Logic and Transcendental Logic(1)

DC Field Value Language
dc.contributor.author박진-
dc.date.accessioned2009-11-17T06:24:50Z-
dc.date.available2009-11-17T06:24:50Z-
dc.date.issued2006-
dc.identifier.citation철학사상, Vol.22, pp. 173-204-
dc.identifier.issn1226-7007-
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10371/12477-
dc.description.abstractThe purpose of this paper is to elucidate the true meaning of
Kants theory of concept within the historical and systematic context
and to disclose the relationship between Formal Logic and
Transcendental Logic. Paton has asserted that Formal Logic is the
foundation of Transcendental Logic while Laeisz has argued that
there is correlative dependence between Formal Logic and
Transcendental Logic. I insist that Formal Logic depends on
Transcendental Logic and that Transcendental Logic is the basis of
Formal Logic. To demonstrate this, I argue the following.
1. Intuition and Concept
In Formal Logic, we have no concern for the relation between
concept and object. We analyse concepts and classify them without
regards to its relation to objects in Formal Logic. But the focus of
Transcendental Logic is to disclose the relation between concept and
object. Characteristics of objects arise through intuition and become
the contents (intentions) of concepts. Subsequently, intuition is
regarded as an important factor that is prior to concepts in
Transcendental Logic.

2. Classification of Concept
In Formal Logic, the origin of concept is not a concern and
every concept is categorized into concepts. However, in
Transcendental Logic, four different kinds of concepts are classified
by the origin of their contents. Accordingly, they are 1) empirically
acquired (acquisitio derivativa) such as red and apple; 2)
acquired a priori (acquisitio originaria) which include terms like
substance and cause; 3) empirically made that of terms like
unicorn and pegasus; 4) made a priori such as point and
rectangle.
3. Structure of making Concept Critique of theory of
Abstraction
In Formal Logic, every concept is regarded as the result of
abstraction without regards to the difference of its origin. But It is
emphasized in transcendental reflection that empirical concepts
originate from reflection on common characteristics (natas
communes) intuited from objects, and categories (notio) as a priori
concepts of understanding (conceptus dati a priori) are formal
conditions of reflection itself. Therefore, categories and reflective
concepts (conceptus reflectentes) are preconditions of every reflected
concepts (conceptus dati a posteriori). Accordingly, transcendental
synthesis as a mental activity (operatio mentis) of Transcendental
Logic is prior to abstractive analytical thinking of Formal Logic.
4. Clarity of Concept Critique of theory of Comparison
In Formal Logic, clarity of concept is regarded as the result of
comparison and analysis of concept. But synthetic clarity of
concept which originated from the synthetic activity of mind (apprehensio, reproductio et recognitio) on common characteristics
derived from intuitions of objects is prior to analytic clarity of
concepts. Consequently, It is clear that this transcendental synthetic
unity (unum transcendentale) of the mind is the highest point of
Transcendental Logic and any analytical thinking is derived from
this synthetic unity of apperception. I, therefore, conclude that
Formal Logic is derived from Transcendental Logic and
Transcendental Logic is the basis of Formal Logic.
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dc.language.isoko-
dc.publisher서울대학교 철학사상연구소-
dc.subject명료성-
dc.subject비교-
dc.subject반성-
dc.subject추상-
dc.title개념과 징표 - 일반논리학과 초월논리학의 관계 연구(1)-
dc.title.alternativeThe Relationship between Formal Logic and Transcendental Logic(1)-
dc.typeSNU Journal-
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthorPark, Jin-
dc.citation.journaltitle철학사상-
dc.citation.endpage204-
dc.citation.pages173-204-
dc.citation.startpage173-
dc.citation.volume22-
Appears in Collections:
College of Humanities (인문대학)Philosophy (철학과)철학사상철학사상 22호 (2006)
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