S-Space Graduate School of International Studies (국제대학원) Dept. of International Studies (국제학과) Theses (Master's Degree_국제학과)
Analyzing the Transforming Affinity of China-ROK-Japans Trilateral Relationship from 2005 to 2014---From National Identity Perspective
최근10년동안 중국-한국-일본 변화한 친밀도 분석연구—국가 정체성 시각으로
- Park Cheol-Hee
- 국제대학원 국제학과(국제지역학전공)
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 대학원
- 학위논문 (석사)-- 서울대학교 국제대학원 : 국제학과(국제지역학전공), 2015. 2. Park Cheol-Hee.
- During the Cold War period, South Korea and Japan shared similar ideas and values of capitalism and anti-communism. In spite of these similar conditions and characteristics, South Koreas and Japans relationship with China have significantly diverged in the post-Cold War era. Given the rise of China and the threaten from North Korea, South Korea and Japan should still have very strong incentive to work together to balance against the increasingly powerful China and the unsettled North Korea, thereby increase the likelihood of their own survival. Thus the primary puzzle of this research is that why is South Korea distancing from Japan while getting closer to Chinas embrace despite its similar conditions and characteristics with Japan in the Cold War era and the current threaten coming from rising China and North Korea?
While realist and liberalist explanation for the confusing regional phenomena mainly focused on traditional factors such as military, trade and security, they presume that the states interest and intention is given and do not investigate the interest, intention, and identity of the state and its development, thus weakening their strength of explanation. The factor of national identity has been necessary to explain and understand a set of puzzling phenomena in East Asia, such as the post-Cold War anti-American sentiment and pro-China tendency in South Korea, or increasing nationalistic frictions between China and Japan in spite of their strong economic ties, and the hostile relationship between South Korea and Japan to a certain extent. The key hypothesis is that: The widening/narrowing of identity distance is hypothesized to increase/decrease the likelihood of inter-actors conflict. In other word, the amity is more likely when the two countries share a similar outlook on national identity, while a diverging composition of identities is prone to lead to enmity.
Using a variety of methods---comparative study of data of public opinion polls
controlled case studies, the research expects conclusions as: 1due to the uniqueness of cultural and historical background of East Asian countries, the factors of national identity offers more comprehensive explanations combined with neorealist and neoliberal perspectives to grasp the nature of South Koreas and Japans relations with China for the last decade
2although there were ups and downs from a microscopic viewpoint, the macroscopic trend is that the identity distance is narrowing between South Korea and China, sharing North Korean policy has worked for better relations, rather than harm for the last decade
while the identity distance is widening in Sino-Japan relations that Japanese right-wing-led national identity has generated significant tensions and frictions in the relationship
which also leading to more conflictual and tense relationship with Korea, since the right-wing-led national identity has triggered the salience of territorial dispute and the history problem, even shared North Korean policy between South Korea and Japan during the term of President Lee Myung-Bak in South Korea had just brought in some amicable elements, never changed the inimical keynote of the bilateral relations.