S-Space College of Social Sciences (사회과학대학) Institute of Economics Research (경제연구소) Seoul Journal of Economics Seoul Journal of Economics vol.18(2) (Summer 2005)
Business Integrity, Public Sector Integrity, Income, and National Competitiveness : A Cross-Country Level Analysis
- Lee, JaeHyung
- Issue Date
- Seoul Journal of Economics, Vol.18 No.2, pp. 125-146
- This paper's main objective is to investigate the new paradigm on combating corruption in both business and public sectors as proposed by Kang and Lee (2003). Utilising a cross-sectional data of 32 countries from the 2002 GCR, combined with the 2002 opacity index and the 2003 CPI, the empirical results are consistent with the proposition that business integrity and public sector integrity lead to economic efficiency, which in turn enhances national competitiveness. We also suggest that per capita real income, business integrity, and public sector integrity are positively inter-related. On the basis of this study, policy makers should choose an objective by comprehensive approach and develop a checks and balances system in both sectors. More specifically, business integrity has a greater effect on both per capita real income and national competitiveness than public sector integrity. It is also evident in cross-country comparisons that national competitiveness has a higher elasticity with respect to both business integrity and public sector integrity in Korea than in the other countries.