S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Dept. of Medicine (의학과) Theses (Ph.D. / Sc.D._의학과)
돼지-영장류 간 이종 심부표층각막이식에서 항 CD40 단클론항체의 유효성 및 안전성
The efficacy and safety of anti CD40 monoclonal antibody in pig-to-rhesus xenogeneic deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty
- 의과대학 의학과
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 대학원
- anti-CD40 antibody ; cornea ; deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty ; non-human primates ; xenotransplantation
- 학위논문 (박사)-- 서울대학교 대학원 의과대학 의학과, 2017. 8. 김미금.
- Purpose: Corneal xenotransplantation is an effective solution for the shortage of human donor corneas, and the porcine cornea may be a suitable candidate for the donor cornea because of its optical similarity with humans. However, it is necessary to administer additional immunosuppressants to overcome antigenic differences. We aimed to investigate the feasibility of porcine corneas with anti-CD40 antibody-mediated co-stimulation blockade in a clinically applicable pig-to-nonhuman primate corneal xenotransplantation model.
Methods: Five Chinese rhesus macaques underwent deep-lamellar corneal transplantation using clinically acceptable sized (7.5 mm diameter) porcine corneal grafts. The anti-CD40 antibody was intravenously administered on a programmed schedule. Graft survival, central corneal thickness, and intraocular pressure were evaluated. Changes in effector and memory T cell subsets and anti-αGal and donor-specific antibodies were investigated in the blood, and the changes in complement levels in the aqueous humor and blood were evaluated. Memory cell profiles in the anti-CD40 antibody-treated group were compared with those in from the anti-CD154 antibody-treated group or rejected controls presented in our previous report. The changes in anti-αGal, non-αGal, and donor-specific antibodies after 6 months were compared with baseline values.
Results: Anti-CD40 antibody-mediated co-stimulation blockade resulted in the successful survival of xenocorneal grafts (> 389, > 382, > 236, > 201, and > 61 days), with 80% reaching 6 months of survival. Injection of anti-CD40 antibody considerably reduced the infiltration of inflammatory cells into the grafts and significantly blocked the complement response in the aqueous humor (p = 0.0159, Mann-Whitney U test). Systemic expansion of effector memory T cells was abrogated in the anti-CD40 antibody-treated primates compared with those in the rejected controls (p<0.05, Mann-Whitney U test). The levels of anti-αGal, non-αGal, and donor-specific antibodies at 6 months were not significantly increased compared with baseline levels (p > 0.05, Wilcoxon signed rank test).
Conclusion: An anti-CD40 antibody-mediated blockade appears to be effective immunosuppressive approach for porcine corneal deep anterior lamellar xenotransplantation in primates. In the future clinical trials of xenocorneal transplantation, the anti-CD40 antibody will be effective in immunosuppression.