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Reproductive profiles and risk of breast cancer subtypes: a multi-center case-only study

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dc.contributor.authorBrouckaert, Olivier-
dc.contributor.authorRudolph, Anja-
dc.contributor.authorLaenen, Annouschka-
dc.contributor.authorKeeman, Renske-
dc.contributor.authorBolla, Manjeet K.-
dc.contributor.authorWang, Qin-
dc.contributor.authorSoubry, Adelheid-
dc.contributor.authorWildiers, Hans-
dc.contributor.authorAndrulis, Irene L.-
dc.contributor.authorArndt, Volker-
dc.contributor.authorBeckmann, Matthias W.-
dc.contributor.authorBenitez, Javier-
dc.contributor.authorBlomqvist, Carl-
dc.contributor.authorBojesen, Stig E.-
dc.contributor.authorBrauch, Hiltrud-
dc.contributor.authorBrennan, Paul-
dc.contributor.authorBrenner, Hermann-
dc.contributor.authorChenevix-Trench, Georgia-
dc.contributor.authorChoi, Ji-Yeob-
dc.contributor.authorCornelissen, Sten-
dc.contributor.authorCouch, Fergus J.-
dc.contributor.authorCox, Angela-
dc.contributor.authorCross, Simon S.-
dc.contributor.authorCzene, Kamila-
dc.contributor.authorEriksson, Mikael-
dc.contributor.authorFasching, Peter A.-
dc.contributor.authorFigueroa, Jonine-
dc.contributor.authorFlyger, Henrik-
dc.contributor.authorGiles, Graham G.-
dc.contributor.authorGonzález-Neira, Anna-
dc.contributor.authorGuénel, Pascal-
dc.contributor.authorHall, Per-
dc.contributor.authorHollestelle, Antoinette-
dc.contributor.authorHopper, John L.-
dc.contributor.authorIto, Hidemi-
dc.contributor.authorJones, Michael-
dc.contributor.authorKang, Daehee-
dc.contributor.authorKnight, Julia A.-
dc.contributor.authorKosma, Veli-Matti-
dc.contributor.authorLi, Jingmei-
dc.contributor.authorLindblom, Annika-
dc.contributor.authorLilyquist, Jenna-
dc.contributor.authorLophatananon, Artitaya-
dc.contributor.authorMannermaa, Arto-
dc.contributor.authorManoukian, Siranoush-
dc.contributor.authorMargolin, Sara-
dc.contributor.authorMatsuo, Keitaro-
dc.contributor.authorMuir, Kenneth-
dc.contributor.authorNevanlinna, Heli-
dc.contributor.authorPeterlongo, Paolo-
dc.contributor.authorPylkäs, Katri-
dc.contributor.authorSaajrang, Suleeporn-
dc.contributor.authorSeynaeve, Caroline-
dc.contributor.authorShen, Chen-Yang-
dc.contributor.authorShu, Xiao-Ou-
dc.contributor.authorSouthey, Melissa C.-
dc.contributor.authorSwerdlow, Anthony-
dc.contributor.authorTeo, Soo-Hwang-
dc.contributor.authorTollenaar, Rob A. E. M.-
dc.contributor.authorTruong, Thérèse-
dc.contributor.authorTseng, Chiu-chen-
dc.contributor.authorvan den Broek, Alexandra J.-
dc.contributor.authorvan Deurzen, Carolien H. M.-
dc.contributor.authorWinqvist, Robert-
dc.contributor.authorWu, Anna H.-
dc.contributor.authorYip, Cheng H.-
dc.contributor.authorYu, Jyh-Cherng-
dc.contributor.authorZheng, Wei-
dc.contributor.authorMilne, Roger L.-
dc.contributor.authorPharoah, Paul D. P.-
dc.contributor.authorEaston, Douglas F.-
dc.contributor.authorSchmidt, Marjanka K.-
dc.contributor.authorGarcia-Closas, Montserrat-
dc.contributor.authorChang-Claude, Jenny-
dc.contributor.authorLambrechts, Diether-
dc.contributor.authorNeven, Patrick-
dc.date.accessioned2017-11-23T07:17:49Z-
dc.date.available2017-11-23T16:19:22Z-
dc.date.issued2017-11-07-
dc.identifier.citationBreast Cancer Research, 19(1):119ko_KR
dc.identifier.issn1465-542X-
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10371/138397-
dc.description.abstractBackground
Previous studies have shown that reproductive factors are differentially associated with breast cancer (BC) risk by subtypes. The aim of this study was to investigate associations between reproductive factors and BC subtypes, and whether these vary by age at diagnosis.

Methods
We used pooled data on tumor markers (estrogen and progesterone receptor, human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2)) and reproductive risk factors (parity, age at first full-time pregnancy (FFTP) and age at menarche) from 28,095 patients with invasive BC from 34 studies participating in the Breast Cancer Association Consortium (BCAC). In a case-only analysis, we used logistic regression to assess associations between reproductive factors and BC subtype compared to luminal A tumors as a reference. The interaction between age and parity in BC subtype risk was also tested, across all ages and, because age was modeled non-linearly, specifically at ages 35, 55 and 75 years.

Results
Parous women were more likely to be diagnosed with triple negative BC (TNBC) than with luminal A BC, irrespective of age (OR for parity = 1.38, 95% CI 1.16–1.65, p = 0.0004; p for interaction with age = 0.076). Parous women were also more likely to be diagnosed with luminal and non-luminal HER2-like BCs and this effect was slightly more pronounced at an early age (p for interaction with age = 0.037 and 0.030, respectively). For instance, women diagnosed at age 35 were 1.48 (CI 1.01–2.16) more likely to have luminal HER2-like BC than luminal A BC, while this association was not significant at age 75 (OR = 0.72, CI 0.45–1.14). While age at menarche was not significantly associated with BC subtype, increasing age at FFTP was non-linearly associated with TNBC relative to luminal A BC. An age at FFTP of 25 versus 20 years lowered the risk for TNBC (OR = 0.78, CI 0.70–0.88, p < 0.0001), but this effect was not apparent at a later FFTP.

Conclusions
Our main findings suggest that parity is associated with TNBC across all ages at BC diagnosis, whereas the association with luminal HER2-like BC was present only for early onset BC.
ko_KR
dc.description.sponsorshipBCAC is funded by Cancer Research UK (C1287/A10118, C1287/A12014) and by the European Communitys Seventh Framework Programme under grant agreement number 223175 (grant number HEALTH-F2-2009-223175) (COGS). The Australian Breast Cancer Family Study (ABCFS) was supported by grant UM1 CA164920 from the National Cancer Institute (USA). The content of this manuscript does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the National Cancer Institute or any of the collaborating centers in the Breast Cancer Family Registry (BCFR), nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the USA Government or the BCFR. The ABCFS was also supported by the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia, the New South Wales Cancer Council, the Victorian Health Promotion Foundation (Australia) and the Victorian Breast Cancer Research Consortium. J.L.H. is a National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) Senior Principal Research Fellow. M.C.S. is an NHMRC Senior Research Fellow. The ABCS study was supported by the Dutch Cancer Society (grants NKI 2007-3839; 2009 4363); BBMRI-NL, which is a Research Infrastructure financed by the Dutch government (NWO 184.021.007); and the Dutch National Genomics Initiative. The ACP study is funded by the Breast Cancer Research Trust, UK. The work of the BBCC was partly funded by ELAN-Fond of the University Hospital of Erlangen. The CECILE study was funded by Fondation de France, Institut National du Cancer (INCa), Ligue Nationale contre le Cancer, Ligue contre le Cancer Grand Ouest, Agence Nationale de Sécurité Sanitaire (ANSES), Agence Nationale de la Recherche (ANR). The CGPS was supported by the Chief Physician Johan Boserup and Lise Boserup Fund, the Danish Medical Research Council and Herlev Hospital. The CNIO-BCS was supported by the Instituto de Salud Carlos III, the Red Temática de Investigación Cooperativa en Cáncer and grants from the Asociación Española Contra el Cáncer and the Fondo de Investigación Sanitario (PI11/00923 and PI12/00070). The ESTHER study was supported by a grant from the Baden Württemberg Ministry of Science, Research and Arts. Additional cases were recruited in the context of the VERDI study, which was supported by a grant from the German Cancer Aid (Deutsche Krebshilfe). The GENICA was funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) Germany grants 01KW9975/5, 01KW9976/8, 01KW9977/0 and 01KW0114, the Robert Bosch Foundation, Stuttgart, Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum (DKFZ), Heidelberg, the Institute for Prevention and Occupational Medicine of the German Social Accident Insurance, Institute of the Ruhr University Bochum (IPA), Bochum, as well as the Department of Internal Medicine, Evangelische Kliniken Bonn gGmbH, Johanniter Krankenhaus, Bonn, Germany. The HEBCS was financially supported by the Helsinki University Central Hospital Research Fund, Academy of Finland (266528), the Finnish Cancer Society, The Nordic Cancer Union and the Sigrid Juselius Foundation. The HERPACC was supported by MEXT Kakenhi (No. 170150181 and 26253041) from the Ministry of Education, Science, Sports, Culture and Technology of Japan, by a Grant-in-Aid for the Third Term Comprehensive 10-Year Strategy for Cancer Control from Ministry Health, Labour and Welfare of Japan, by Health and Labour Sciences Research Grants for Research on Applying Health Technology from Ministry Health, Labour and Welfare of Japan, by National Cancer Center Research and Development Fund, and Practical Research for Innovative Cancer Control (15ck0106177h0001) Brouckaert et al. Breast Cancer Research (2017) 19:119 Page 9 of 12 from Japan Agency for Medical Research and development, AMED, and Cancer Bio Bank Aichi. Financial support for KARBAC was provided through the regional agreement on medical training and clinical research (ALF) between Stockholm County Council and Karolinska Institutet, the Swedish Cancer Society, The Gustav V Jubilee foundation and and Bert von Kantzows foundation. The KARMA study was supported by Märit and Hans Rausings Initiative Against Breast Cancer. The KBCP was financially supported by the special Government Funding (EVO) of Kuopio University Hospital grants, Cancer Fund of North Savo, the Finnish Cancer Organizations, and by the strategic funding of the University of Eastern Finland. kConFab is supported by a grant from the National Breast Cancer Foundation, and previously by the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC), the Queensland Cancer Fund, the Cancer Councils of New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania and South Australia, and the Cancer Foundation of Western Australia. Financial support for the AOCS was provided by the United States Army Medical Research and Materiel Command (DAMD17-01-1-0729), Cancer Council Victoria, Queensland Cancer Fund, Cancer Council New South Wales, Cancer Council South Australia, The Cancer Foundation of Western Australia, Cancer Council Tasmania and the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia (NHMRC; 400413, 400281, 199600). G.C.T. and P.W. are supported by the NHMRC. RB was a Cancer Institute NSW Clinical Research Fellow. LAABC is supported by grants (1RB-0287, 3 PB-0102, 5 PB-0018, 10 PB-0098) from the California Breast Cancer Research Program. Incident breast cancer cases were collected by the USC Cancer Surveillance Program (CSP) which is supported under subcontract by the California Department of Health. The CSP is also part of the National Cancer Institute's Division of Cancer Prevention and Control Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program, under contract number N01CN25403. LMBC is supported by the Stichting tegen Kanker (232-2008 and 196-2010). Diether Lambrechts is supported by the FWO and the KULPFV/10/016-SymBioSysII. The MARIE study was supported by the Deutsche Krebshilfe e.V. (70-2892-BR I, 106332, 108253, 108419), the Hamburg Cancer Society, the German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ) and the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) Germany (01KH0402). MBCSG is supported by grants from the Italian Association for Cancer Research (AIRC) and by funds from the Italian citizens who allocated the 5/1000 share of their tax payment in support of the Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale Tumori, according to Italian laws (INT-Institutional strategic projects 5x1000). The MCBCS was supported by the NIH grants CA192393, CA116167, CA176785 an NIH Specialized Program of Research Excellence (SPORE) in Breast Cancer (CA116201), and the Breast Cancer Research Foundation and a generous gift from the David F. and Margaret T. Grohne Family Foundation. MCCS cohort recruitment was funded by VicHealth and Cancer Council Victoria. The MCCS was further supported by Australian NHMRC grants 209057, 251553 and 504711 and by infrastructure provided by Cancer Council Victoria. Cases and their vital status were ascertained through the Victorian Cancer Registry (VCR) and the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW), including the National Death Index and the Australian Cancer Database. MYBRCA is funded by research grants from the Malaysian Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation (MOSTI), Malaysian Ministry of Higher Education (UM.C/HlR/MOHE/06) and Cancer Research Initiatives Foundation (CARIF). Additional controls were recruited by the Singapore Eye Research Institute, which was supported by a grant from the Biomedical Research Council (BMRC08/1/35/19/550), Singapore and the National Medical Research Council, Singapore (NMRC/ CG/SERI/2010). The OBCS was supported by research grants from the Finnish Cancer Foundation, the Academy of Finland (grant number 250083, 122715 and Center of Excellence grant number 251314), the Finnish Cancer Foundation, the Sigrid Juselius Foundation, the University of Oulu, the University of Oulu Support Foundation and the special Governmental EVO funds for Oulu University Hospital-based research activities. The Ontario Familial Breast Cancer Registry (OFBCR) was supported by grant UM1 CA164920 from the National Cancer Institute (USA). The content of this manuscript does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the National Cancer Institute or any of the collaborating centers in the Breast Cancer Family Registry (BCFR), nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the USA Government or the BCFR. The ORIGO study was supported by the Dutch Cancer Society (RUL 1997-1505) and the Biobanking and Biomolecular Resources Research Infrastructure (BBMRI-NL CP16). The RBCS was funded by the Dutch Cancer Society (DDHK 2004-3124, DDHK 2009-4318). The SASBAC study was supported by funding from the Agency for Science, Technology and Research of Singapore (A*STAR), the US National Institute of Health (NIH) and the Susan G. Komen Breast Cancer Foundation. The SBCGS was supported primarily by NIH grants R01CA64277, R01CA148667, and R37CA70867. Biological sample preparation was conducted using the Survey and Biospecimen Shared Resource, which is supported by P30 CA68485. The scientific development and funding of this project were, in part, supported by the Genetic Associations and Mechanisms in Oncology (GAME-ON) Network U19 CA148065. The SBCS was supported by Yorkshire Cancer Research S295, S299, S305PA and Sheffield Experimental Cancer Medicine Centre. SEARCH is funded by a programme grant from Cancer Research UK (C490/A10124) and supported by the UK National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre at the University of Cambridge. SEBCS was supported by the BRL (Basic Research Laboratory) program through the National Research Foundation of Korea funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (2012-0000347). The TBCS was funded by The National Cancer Institute Thailand. The TWBCS is supported by the Taiwan Biobank project of the Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taiwan. The UKBGS is funded by Breast Cancer Now and the Institute of Cancer Research (ICR), London. ICR acknowledges NHS funding to the NIHR Biomedical Research Centre.ko_KR
dc.language.isoenko_KR
dc.publisherBioMed Centralko_KR
dc.subjectBreast cancer subtypeko_KR
dc.subjectAge at breast cancer diagnosisko_KR
dc.subjectParityko_KR
dc.subjectAge at first full-time pregnancyko_KR
dc.subjectAge at menarcheko_KR
dc.titleReproductive profiles and risk of breast cancer subtypes: a multi-center case-only studyko_KR
dc.typeArticleko_KR
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthor최지엽-
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthor강대희-
dc.identifier.doi10.1186/s13058-017-0909-3-
dc.language.rfc3066en-
dc.rights.holderThe Author(s).-
dc.date.updated2017-11-12T05:39:41Z-
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Dept. of Biomedical Sciences (대학원 의과학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_의과학과)
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