S-Space College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원) Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering (전기·정보공학부) Theses (Ph.D. / Sc.D._전기·정보공학부)
A Study on Blocker-Tolerant Wideband Receivers
대역 외 방해신호에 내성을 가지는 광대역 수신기에 관한 연구
- 공과대학 전기·컴퓨터공학부
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 대학원
- 학위논문 (박사)-- 서울대학교 대학원 : 공과대학 전기·컴퓨터공학부, 2018. 2. 남상욱.
- In this thesis, a study of wideband receivers as one of the practical SDR receiver implementations is presented. The out-of-band interference signal (or blocker), which is the biggest problem of the wideband receiver is investigated, and have studied how to effectively remove it. As a result of reviewing previous studies, we have developed a wideband receiver based on the current-mode receiver structure and attempted to eliminate the blocker. The contents of the step-by-step research are as follows.
First, attention was paid to the linearity of a low-noise transconductance amplifier (LNTA), which is the base block of current-mode receivers. In current-mode receivers, the LNTA should have a high transconductance (Gm) value to achieve a low noise figure, but a high Gm value results in low linearity. To solve this trade-off, we proposed a linearization method of transconductors. The proposed technique eliminates the third-order intermodulation distortion (IMD3) in a feed-forward manner using two paths. A transconductor having a transconductance of 2Gm is disposed in the main path, and an amplifier having a gain of ∛2 and a Gm-sized transconductor are located in the auxiliary path. This structure allows for some fundamental signal loss but cancel the IMD3 component at the output. As a result, the entire transconductor circuit can have high linearity due to the removed IMD3 component. We have designed a reconfigurable high-pass filter using a linearized transconductor and have demonstrated its performance. The fabricated circuit achieved a high input-referred third-order intercept point(IIP3) performance of 19.4 dBm.
Then, a further improved linearized transconductor is designed. Since the linearized transconductors have a high noise figure due to the additional circuitry used for linearization, we have proposed a more suitable form for application to LNTA through noise figure analysis. The improved LNTA is designed to operate in low noise mode when there is no blocker, and can be switched to operate in high linearity mode when the blocker exists. We also applied noise cancelling techniques to the receiver to improve the noise figure performance of the wideband receiver circuit. A feedback path has been added to the current-mode receiver structure consisting of the LNTA, the mixer and the baseband transimpedance amplifier (TIA), and the noise signal can be detected using this path. This feedback path also maintains the input matching of the receiver to 50 Ω in a wide bandwidth. By adding an auxiliary path to the receiver, the in-band signal is amplified and the detected noise is removed from the baseband. The completed circuit exhibited wideband performance from 0.025 GHz to 2 GHz and IIP3 performance of -6.9 dBm in the high linearity mode.
Finally, we designed a double noise-cancelling wideband receiver circuit by improving the performance of a wideband receiver with high immunity to blocker signals. In previous receivers, the LNTA was operated in two modes depending on the situation. In the improved receiver, the Gm ratio of the linearized LNTA was changed and the RF noise-cancelling technique was applied. The input matching and noise cancelling scheme introduced in the previous circuit was also applied and a wideband receiver circuit was designed to perform double noise-cancelling. As a result, the linearization and noise-cancellation of LNTA could be achieved at the same time, and the completed receiver circuit showed high IIP3 performance of 5 dBm with minimum noise figure of 1.4 dB.
In conclusion, this thesis proposed a linearization technique for transconductor circuit and designed a wideband receiver based on current-mode receiver. The designed receiver circuit experimentally verified that it has low noise figure performance and high IIP3 performance and is tolerant to out-of-band blocker signals.