S-Space College of Nursing (간호대학) The Research Institute of Nursing Science (간호과학연구소) Perspectives in Nursing Science (간호학의 지평) Perspectives In Nursing Science (간호학의 지평) Volume 15 Number 1/2(2018)
저소득층 학령기 아동 ․ 청소년 대상 건강관련 중재에 관한 체계적 문헌고찰
A Systematic Review of Interventions with Low-Income School-Age Children and Adolescents
- 황지혜; 최현지; 정효진; 김초롱; 우윤정
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 간호과학연구소
- Perspectives in Nursing Science, Vol.15 No.2, pp. 92-106
- Purpose: The purpose of this study was to review health-related interventions in nursing studies for low-income school-age children and adolescents. Methods: Searches among CINAHL, MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE, DBpia, and RISS identified 27 intervention studies published from January 2000 to April 2018. Results: Twenty-seven intervention studies were identified: 12 included psychosocial adaptations and 15 included the healthy lifestyle promotion and disease prevention. The settings were mainly schools and community welfare centers. Many studies were based on social cognitive theory and interventions were provided in a group format. Depression, self-esteem, resilience, self-efficacy for vegetable and fruit consumption, physical activity, and health-related knowledge improved significantly after the health-related interventions. However, the findings were inconsistent with regard to anxiety, peer relationships, body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, cholesterol, and glucose. Conclusion: There is potential for enhancing outcomes for psychosocial, physical health, and health-related knowledge among low-income school-age children and adolescents. Integrated interventions addressing the physical as well as psychological health of low-income children and adolescents should be conducted. It would be prudent to consider the ethnicity and family background of the child or adolescent. However, rigorous study designs and scientific validation are needed for further evidence.