A Study on the Reauthorization of the Trade Promotion Authority in 2015
2015 무역촉진권한의 입법에 관한 연구

DC Field Value Language
dc.description학위논문 (석사)-- 서울대학교 대학원 : 행정대학원 행정학과, 2018. 8. 권혁주.-
dc.description.abstractTrade Promotion Authority (TPA) – formerly known as fast track – was reauthorized in June 2015 after heated debates in the U.S. Congress. TPA is a political mechanism by which Congress delegates its authority to the President for the purpose of negotiating and entering into certain preferential trade agreements. The most recent TPA expired in July 2007, and it had not been granted to the President in the ensuing eight years. This study suggests that TPA was reauthorized in 2015 through the interaction and compromise between the two important actors in U.S. trade policy, the Executive and Congress, regarding an overarching trade agreement - the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP). The Obama Administration aimed to establish new trade governance through 21st century trade agreements represented by TPP. Structural factors, such as the rise of China and the economic crisis in the United States in 2008 played an important role in shaping the strategy of the Obama Administration. The U.S. Congress had conflicting interests in TPA as well as TPP. It had motives for expanding free trade while minimizing the negative impacts that trade agreements could have on U.S. industries and workers. In the legislative process of TPA-2015, therefore, the Administration and Congress each had to compromise to a certain degree, which led to changes in the contents of TPA-2015. The critical changes of TPA-2015 are summarized as the expanded trade negotiating objectives, the strengthened role of Congress in trade negotiations, and the increased transparency and accountability during and after trade negotiations.

The substance of TPA-2015 and its legislative process have important implications for U.S. trading partners. By incorporating key priorities and interests of the U.S. Congress with respect to trade negotiations, TPA-2015 provides some clues on the future trade negotiating objectives of the U.S. government. In addition, newly introduced procedural requirements in TPA-2015 are likely to affect the substance and timeline of trade negotiations in which the United States engages and thus may also influence U.S. trading partners in the negotiation process. Finally, the dynamic legislative process of TPA-2015 shows the growing influence of other stakeholders, including industries, labor unions and civic groups, on trade negotiations, and this trend is likely to continue.
dc.description.tableofcontents1 Introduction 1

1.1 Background and Purpose of Study 1

1.2 Scope and Method of Study 4

2 Literature Review and Analytical Framework 6

2.1 Overview of U.S. Trade Policy 6

2.1.1 The 1st period: Before 1934 6

2.1.2 The 2nd period: 1934-1974 6

2.1.3 The 3rd period: 1974-Present 7

2.2 Literature Review on TPA and U.S. Trade Policy 12

2.2.1 Literature Review on TPA 12

2.2.2 Literature Review on the Determinants of U.S. Trade Policy 15

2.3 Analytical Framework 16

3 The Overview of TPA and Changes in TPA-2015 21

3.1 History of TPA 21

3.2 Main Contents of TPA 22

3.3 Key Changes in TPA-2015 24

3.3.1 Overview 24

3.3.2 Changes in Trade Negotiating Objectives 26

3.3.3 Changes in Procedural Requirements 29

3.3.4 Summary 34

4 The Dynamics of the Renewal of TPA-2015 36

4.1 Global and Domestic Political Economic Conditions 36

4.2 Dynamics Before the Legislative Process of TPA-2015 39

4.2.1 Before the First Official Request for TPA by the President 39

4.2.2 The First Official Request for TPA by President Obama 43

4.2.3 The Second Official Request for TPA by President Obama 47

4.3 Dynamics of the Legislative Process of TPA-2015 49

4.3.1 The Passage of a TPA Bill in Gatekeeping Committees 49

4.3.2 The Passage of a TPA Bill in the Senate 50

4.3.3 The Passage of a TPA Bill in the House of Representatives 51

5 Implications for U.S. Trading Partners 53

5.1 Expanded Scope of Trade Issues 53

5.2 Procedural Requirements that May Affect Trade Negotiations 55

5.3 Growing Influence of Other Stakeholders than the Executive 58

5.4 Issues for the Extension of TPA-2015 60

6 Conclusion 63

Bibliography 66

Abstract in Korean 72
dc.publisher서울대학교 대학원-
dc.titleA Study on the Reauthorization of the Trade Promotion Authority in 2015-
dc.title.alternative2015 무역촉진권한의 입법에 관한 연구-
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthorSong, Jihyun-
dc.contributor.affiliation행정대학원 행정학과-
Appears in Collections:
Graduate School of Public Administration (행정대학원)Dept. of Public Administration (행정학과)Theses (Master's Degree_행정학과)
Files in This Item:
  • mendeley

Items in S-Space are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.