Competition and Organizational Identification: The moderating effect of Bu, Cheo, and Cheong Organizations

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dc.description학위논문 (석사)-- 서울대학교 대학원 : 행정대학원 행정학과(행정학전공), 2018. 8. 임도빈.-
dc.description.abstractThis study is based on two psychological characteristics of Korean people: competitiveness and organizational identification (OI). Based on the idea that OI is closely related to organizational outcomes especially in the Korean organizational context, and considering the fact that Korean people highly value the organizations to which they belong, this study addresses the research question of how competition and competitiveness are related to OI. In addition, as social identity theory suggests perceived prestige as one of the most important factors of OI, another research question is how perceived prestige, which is operationalized as agency power, affects OI of central government officials.

Aligned with the research questions, the present study analyzes data from a survey on government officials of 34 central government agencies. First, the three types of government agencies, i.e., Bu, Cheo, and Cheong, showed no statistically significant difference in OI. Second, perceived intraorganizational competition (PIC) is negatively associated with OI, while personal development competitiveness (PDC) is positively associated with OI. Third, the impact of PIC and PDC on OI differs depending on the type of organization to which one belongs. Such results show that members of different types of organizations have differences in perception regarding competition and OI. I carefully suggest perceived prestige among organizations as a possible explanation for such differences.

An important finding of this study is the existence of PDC among government officials and how it affects OI. Additionally, I expect to provide managerial implications through findings of the differences in members of Bu, Cheo, and Cheong organizations. This is meaningful in that not many studies have covered behavioral comparisons in such way, despite the importance in public organization studies.

Keyword: Organizational identification, competition, competitiveness

Student Number: 2016-24319
dc.description.tableofcontentsTable of contents

Chapter 1. Introduction 1

1.1. Study background 1

1.2. Purpose of research 4

Chapter 2. Literature Review 6

2.1. Organizational identification 6

2.1.1. Concept 6

2.1.2. OI and organizational commitment 7

2.1.3. OI vs AOC 9

2.1.4. Antecedents of OI 11

2.2. Competition 13

2.2.1. Theoretical background: social comparison theory 13

2.2.2. Concept 14

2.2.3. Sub-dimensions of compeitiveness 17

2.2.4. Competition and OI 19

2.3. The Executive Branch of Korean Central Government 21

2.3.1. Line ministry (Bu, 部) 22

2.3.2. Staff ministry (Cheo, 處) 24

2.3.3. Administration (Cheong, 廳) 24

2.3.4. Theoretical background: agency power 22

2.3.5. Hypothesis and framework 29

Chapter 3. Data, measurements, and methodology 31

3.1. Data 31

3.2. Measurements 34

3.3. Methodology 37

Chapter 4. Analysis 41

4.1. Summary statistics and normality assesment 41

4.2. Zero-order correlations 42

4.3. Analysis 1 44

4.4. Analysis 2 45

4.5. Interpretation of moderating effects 51

Chapter 5. Discussion 54

Chapter 6. Conclusion 58

Bibliography 60

Abstract in Korean
dc.publisher서울대학교 대학원-
dc.titleCompetition and Organizational Identification: The moderating effect of Bu, Cheo, and Cheong Organizations-
dc.contributor.affiliation행정대학원 행정학과(행정학전공)-
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Graduate School of Public Administration (행정대학원)Dept. of Public Administration (행정학과)Theses (Master's Degree_행정학과)
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