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The Role of Regional Councils in Assisting Resettlement of North Korean Refugees: Evidence from Labor Market Participation
이탈주민의 정착지원에 있어서의 북한이탈주민지원지역협의회의 역할

DC Field Value Language
dc.contributor.advisor홍준형-
dc.contributor.author박효성-
dc.date.accessioned2018-12-03T01:56:16Z-
dc.date.available2018-12-03T01:56:16Z-
dc.date.issued2018-08-
dc.identifier.other000000152819-
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10371/144236-
dc.description학위논문 (석사)-- 서울대학교 대학원 : 행정대학원 행정학과(정책학전공), 2018. 8. 홍준형.-
dc.description.abstractThis study aims to examine the role of regional councils for assisting North Korean refugees in the formation of social capital that North Korean refugees can draw on in their resettlement efforts. In order to confirm regional councils role and effects as measured by indicators of labor market participation, this study takes both qualitative and quantitative approach. First, a directed content analysis is conducted on transcripts of interviews with 24 North Korean refugees regarding their experience of career adjustment with the purpose of differentiating various channels of information, referrals or support in securing a job. Then, another directed content analysis is conducted on a set of government records of regional councils decisions and actions in order to determine whether and how regional councils affect the formation of social capital in the surroundings of North Korean refugees. Lastly, a panel analysis is conducted to quantitatively assess the effects of regional councils on North Korean refugees resettlement as measured by indicators of labor market integration.

Findings of this study are as follows. First, a directed content analysis on 24 interview transcripts revealed that North Korean refugees receive support from government institutions, North Korean refugees and network of South Korean contacts in the form of information, referrals or recommendation or direct offer for employment. Second, a directed content analysis on 104 government records on the decisions and actions of regional councils demonstrated that by facilitating exchange of accurate information, coordination and cooperation, regional councils are actively engaged in the formation and expansion of social capital among actors involved in community level resettlement assistance in three different dimensions, 1) among government institutions
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dc.description.abstract2) between government institutions and civil society organizations and 3) between North Korean refugees and the community residents. Lastly, fixed-effects and random-effects regression analyses using different policy instrument as control variables showed that ceteris paribus, the number of regional councils per region has statistically significant correlations with North Korean refugees employment rate and unemployment. On the other hand, the same explanatory variable could not account for changes in the out-of-labor-force rate among North Korean refugees per region.-
dc.description.tableofcontentsChapter I. Introduction - 1

1. 1 Objective of the Research 7

1. 2 The State of North Korean Refugees Labor Market Integration - 8

1. 3 Changes in the Legal Framework of Resettlement Policy 9

1. 4 Current System and Process of Resettlement Assistance - 13

1. 5 Overview of Regional Councils for Assisting North Korean Refugees 15

Chapter II. Theoretical Discussions and Literature Review - 18

2. 1 Theoretical Discussions - 18

2. 1. 1 Theory of New Governance - 18

2. 1. 2 Theory of Social Network 20

2. 2 Literature Review - 26

2. 2. 1 Evaluation of Resettlement Assistance Policy 26

2. 2. 2 Evaluation of Community Level Resettlement Assistance System 31

2. 3. 3 The Role of Social Capital in Labor Market Participation - 38

Chapter III. Design and Methodology - 41

3. 1. Analytical Methods 41

Chapter IV. Directed Content Analysis: The Role of Social Network in North Korean Refugees Career Adjustment - 42

4. 1 Analysis of North Korean Refugees Career Paths 43

4. 2 Life History Narratives and Content Analysis - 46

4. 3 Scope of Subjects and Sampling 47

4. 4 Methodology and Procedure- 47

4. 5 Coding - 49

4. 6 Findings 51

Chapter V. Directed Content Analysis: The Regional Councils Role in the Formation of Social Capital - 55

5. 1 Scope of Subjects and Sampling 55

5. 2 Methodology and Procedure- 56

5. 3 Coding 56

5. 4 Findings - 57

Chapter VI. Panel Regression Analysis - 75

6. 1 Analytical Framework - 75

6. 2 Hypotheses 77

6. 3 Scope of the Research - 77

6. 4 Method of Analysis - 78

6. 5 Variables - 81

6. 5. 1 Dependent Variables - 81

6. 5. 2 Independent Variables 82

6. 5. 3 Control Variables - 83

6. 6 Results of Analysis - 87

6. 6. 1 Employment Rate - 88

6. 6. 2 Unemployment Rate - 90

6. 6. 3 Out-of-Labor-Force Rate - 93

Chapter VII. Discussions and Conclusions 95

7. 1 Discussions - 95

7. 1. 1 Directed Content Analysis on Interview Transcripts - 95

7. 1. 2 Directed Content Analysis on Government Records 101

7. 1. 3 Panel Analysis - 102

7. 2 Conclusion - 104

7. 3 Policy Implications 105

7. 4 Limitations of the Study and Need for Further Study 106

Bibliography - 108

Abstract in Korean - 114
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dc.formatapplication/pdf-
dc.format.mediumapplication/pdf-
dc.language.isoen-
dc.publisher서울대학교 대학원-
dc.subject.ddc350.0001-
dc.titleThe Role of Regional Councils in Assisting Resettlement of North Korean Refugees: Evidence from Labor Market Participation-
dc.title.alternative이탈주민의 정착지원에 있어서의 북한이탈주민지원지역협의회의 역할-
dc.typeThesis-
dc.description.degreeMaster-
dc.contributor.affiliation행정대학원 행정학과(정책학전공)-
dc.date.awarded2018-08-
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Graduate School of Public Administration (행정대학원)Dept. of Public Administration (행정학과)Theses (Master's Degree_행정학과)
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