S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Neurosurgery (신경외과학전공) Journal Papers (저널논문_신경외과학전공)
Secondary glioblastoma after treatment of intracranial germinoma - would radiation-only therapy still be safe? Case report
Cited 1 time in Web of Science Cited 1 time in Scopus
- Issue Date
- BMC Cancer, 18(1):1119
- Germinoma ; Radiotherapy ; Secondary malignancy ; Glioblastoma
- Back ground
Intracranial germinomas are one of the most radiosensitive tumors and are curable by radiotherapy (RT) alone. RT-only therapy without chemotherapy is effective. But, as patients with germinoma can expect long-term survival, the adverse effects of RT and late sequelae in survivors are of most concern. So, recently, standard treatment protocol of combination with chemotherapy and reduced dose of RT could be widely acceptable.
We report a patient with germinoma who developed RT-induced glioblastoma. He was diagnosed as biopsy-proven germinoma at the age of 12. Postoperatively, he underwent RT alone without chemotherapy and remained free of tumor without recurrence during long-term follow up. However, after almost 20 year, he developed RT-induced glioblastoma.
Although RT has the highest priority among treatments on intracranial germinomas, RT-only therapy with full dose for germinoma can have delayed severe complications. So, chemotherapy prior to reduced dose RT is more desirable.
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