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Real-time augmented model guidance for mandibular proximal segment repositioning in orthognathic surgery, using electromagnetic tracking

Cited 16 time in Web of Science Cited 19 time in Scopus

Lee, Sang Jeong; Yang, Hoon Joo; Choi, Min Hyuk; Woo, Sang Yoon; Huh, Kyung Hoe; Lee, Sam Sun; Heo, Min Suk; Choi, Soon Chul; Hwang, Soon Jung; Yi, Won Jin

Issue Date
Churchill Livingstone
Journal of Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery, Vol.47 No.1, pp.127-137
It is essential to reposition the mandibular proximal segment (MPS) as close to its original position as possible during orthognathic surgery. Conventional methods cannot pinpoint the exact position of the condyle in the fossa in real time during repositioning. In this study, based on an improved registration method and a separable electromagnetic tracking tool, we developed a real-time, augmented, modelguided method for MPS surgery to reposition the condyle into its original position more accurately. After virtual surgery planning, using a complex maxillomandibular model, the final position of the virtual MPS model was simulated via 3D rotations. The displacements resulting from the MPS simulation were applied to the MPS landmarks to indicate their final postoperative positions. We designed a new registration body with 24 fiducial points for registration, and determined the optimal point group on the registration body through a phantom study. The registration between the patient's CT image and physical spaces was performed preoperatively using the optimal points. We also developed a separable frame for installing the electromagnetic tracking tool on the patient's MPS. During MPS surgery, the electromagnetic tracking tool was repeatedly attached to, and separated from, the MPS using the separable frame. The MPS movement resulting from the surgeon's manipulation was tracked by the electromagnetic tracking system. The augmented condyle model and its landmarks were visualized continuously in real time with respect to the simulated model and landmarks. Our method also provides augmented 3D coronal and sagittal views of the fossa and condyle, to allow the surgeon to examine the 3D condyle-fossa positional relationship more accurately. The root mean square differences between the simulated and intraoperative MPS models, and between the simulated and postoperative CT models, were 1.71 +/- 0.63 mm and 1.89 +/- 0.22 mm respectively at three condylar landmarks. Thus, the surgeons could perform MPS repositioning conveniently and accurately based on real-time augmented model guidance on the 3D condyle positional relationship with respect to the glenoid fossa, using augmented and simulated models and landmarks. (C) 2018 European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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