S-Space Language Education Institute (언어교육원) Language Research (어학연구) Language Research (어학연구) Volume 55 Number 1/3 (2019)
A Usage-based Analysis of L2 Production of English Resultative Constructions
- Issue Date
- Language Research, Vol.55 No.1, pp. 151-178
- This study investigates whether the usage patterns of resultative constructions (e.g., The lake froze solid
Tom painted the wall white) in argumentative essays written by Korean-speaking learners of English follow the usage-based principles influencing first language acquisition. Specific research questions addressed in this study are: a) whether resultative constructions with high complexity and low frequency are more difficult to learn for Korean-speaking learners of English than other types of argument structure constructions, and b) whether learners expand their choice of verbs in the resultative constructions as their proficiency increases. Multiple regression analyses showed that the occurrence of resultative constructions explains the variability of learner proficiency better than that of other constructions. In addition, learners employed less frequent and more varied types of verbs in the resultative constructions as their proficiency was higher. Our findings suggest that usage-based theories of language development hold true in the context of foreign language learning.