S-Space Graduate School of International Studies (국제대학원) Dept. of International Development Policy(국제개발정책학과) Theses (Master's Degree_국제개발정책학과)
The Role of Regional Economic Communities in Enhancing Trade of Landlocked in Africa – Case of East African Community –
- Moon, Woo-Sik
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 대학원
- 학위논문 (석사)-- 서울대학교 대학원 : 국제개발정책학과, 2012. 2. Moon, Woo-Sik.
- This paper analyses the role of African Regional Economic Communities (RECs) in
enhancing trade of landlocked countries by addressing challenges and overcoming
barriers facing those countries. This paper has identified challenges and trade barriers
related to the remoteness of landlocked countries with limit their access that hinder
their competitiveness in the global market. The thesis also discusses how most of those
problems could be addressed through regional economic communities and regional
policies. The thesis analyzed intra-regional trade in East African Community based on
trade interdependence indices: Intra-regional trade share, Intra-regional Trade Intensity
and Introversion Index to confirm the descriptive analysis.
The results of empirical analysis prove that there is intra-regional trade bias in East
African Community as well as in other African Regional Economic Communities.
From the empirical analysis, the thesis has also analyzed the trend of intra-regional as
well as intra-continental trade of African Landlocked countries. Certainly, African
landlocked countries are enjoying the benefits of regional economic communities
through both regional policies and enhanced trade.
We strongly recommend that all landlocked countries seek for cooperation with their
coastal neighbors not only as their gateway to the global market, but also as their
alternative market niche. However, for this integration to yield fruits, we strongly
recommend that African countries change their patterns of trade so that their can enjoy
economies of scale from within regional market. For landlocked countries, integration
is not a choice but rather imperative. They should seek to address their problems
related to remoteness through regional policies designed and implemented by Regional
Economic Communities of which they are members.
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