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The Impact of Economic Growth on CO2 Emissions and Energy Consumption -In the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries-

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dc.contributor.advisorHong, Jong Ho-
dc.contributor.authorNoura Gamal Elagouz-
dc.date.accessioned2019-10-18T19:10:46Z-
dc.date.available2019-10-18T19:10:46Z-
dc.date.issued2019-08-
dc.identifier.other000000156586-
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10371/161812-
dc.identifier.urihttp://dcollection.snu.ac.kr/common/orgView/000000156586ko_KR
dc.description학위논문(석사)--서울대학교 대학원 :환경대학원 환경계획학과,2019. 8. Hong, Jong Ho.-
dc.description.abstractThe research aims to test the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) hypothesis and analyses the causality relationship between carbon (CO2) emissions, energy consumption, and Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita in the case of Gulf Cooperation Council – GCC – countries using the time series data for the period 1990–2014. Using the Vector Error Correction Model (VECM), it indicates that the EKC hypothesis does not hold in five of the six countries, and the inverted U-shaped curve was identified only in the UAE, regarding the direction of causality with Granger Causality and Vector Auto-Regressive (VAR) tests. It appears to be a unidirectional causality going from economic growth represented in GDP per capita to energy consumption. Such results suggest that reducing energy consumption and controlling CO2 emissions policies could be adopted in the GCC economies without much concern about its effects on economic growth.-
dc.description.tableofcontentsAbstract ................................................................................... i
Chapter 1. Introduction ........................................................... 1
1.1. Purpose of Research ................................................................... 5
1.2. Structure of Research ................................................................. 6
Chapter 2. Current Status of GCC Countries............................ 7
2.1. Economic Growth ............................................................................. 7
2.2. Energy Consumption ........................................................................ 9
2.3. CO2 Emissions ...............................................................................10
Chapter 3. Literature Review ............................................... 13
3.1 Studies related to the EKC hypothesis.........................................13
3.2. Studies related to energy consumption and economic growth ..16
3.2.1. Single country studies on economic growth- energy consumption nexus..................................................................................................17
3.2.2. Multi-country studies on economic growth–energy consumption nexus..................................................................................................19
3.3. Studies related to the three variables .........................................21
3.4. Studies related to the GCC countries case .................................22
Chapter 4. Data Sources and Model...................................... 25
4.1. Data Sources..................................................................................25
4.2. Theoretical Context of the Model................................................30
Chapter 5. Methodology....................................................... 31
5.1. Cross-Sectional Test.....................................................................31
5.2. Unit Root Test ...............................................................................32
5.3. Causality Tests..............................................................................32
5.3.1. Granger Causality Test............................................................33
5.3.2. Vector Auto-Regressive (VAR) test........................................33
5.4. Vector Error Correction Model....................................................34
Chapter 6. Empirical Results ................................................ 35
6.1. Finding from CSD Test .................................................................35
6.2. Finding from Unit Root Test.........................................................35
6.3. Finding from Causality Tests .......................................................37
6.4. Findings from EKC ........................................................................38
6.4.1. EKC hypothesis not confirmed:................................................39
6.4.2. EKC hypothesis confirmed:......................................................40
6.4.3. EKC hypothesis not found:.......................................................40
Chapter 7. Policy Implications.............................................. 42
7.1. Over the literature.........................................................................43
7.2. Related to the causality test.........................................................44
7.2.1. Residential Sectors ..................................................................45
7.2.2. Commercial Sector...................................................................47
7.2.3. Industrial Sector.......................................................................48
7.2.4. Transportation Sector..............................................................49
7.3. Related to EKC test.......................................................................49
7.3.1. UAE Case.................................................................................50
7.3.2. Recommendations .................................................................... 54
Chapter 8. Conclusion.......................................................... 60
References.......................................................................... 62 Appendix............................................................................. 68
Appendix (I): Literature View..............................................................68
EKC's Literature Summery ................................................................68
Literature studying the EG- EC nexus .............................................. 69
Literature studying GCC countries ....................................................70
Literature studying the three variables .............................................71
Appendix (II): Data for GCCs Current Situation ................................72
Total final consumption of energy (Mtoe)..........................................72
CO2 emissions (million tonnes ) by sector in 2016.............................72
CO2 emissions (million tonnes ) 1971- 2016.....................................73
Electricity generation in Gigawatt hours (GWh ) 1973- 2016...........74
Total primary energy supply (Mtoe)..................................................75
Appendix (III): Data for econometric analysis....................................76
Bahrain ............................................................................................... 76
Kuwait ................................................................................................ 77
Qatar ..................................................................................................78
Oman .................................................................................................. 79
Saudi Arabia.......................................................................................80
UAE .................................................................................................... 81
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dc.language.isoeng-
dc.publisher서울대학교 대학원-
dc.subjectGCC-
dc.subjectEnergy Consumption-
dc.subjectCausality test-
dc.subjectEnvironmental Kuznets Curve-
dc.subject.ddc711-
dc.titleThe Impact of Economic Growth on CO2 Emissions and Energy Consumption -In the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries--
dc.typeThesis-
dc.typeDissertation-
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthor노우라-
dc.contributor.department환경대학원 환경계획학과-
dc.description.degreeMaster-
dc.date.awarded2019-08-
dc.identifier.uciI804:11032-000000156586-
dc.identifier.holdings000000000040▲000000000041▲000000156586▲-
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Graduate School of Environmental Studies (환경대학원)Dept. of Environmental Planning (환경계획학과)Theses (Master's Degree_환경계획학과)
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