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Hybrid cellular nanosheets for high-performance lithium-ion battery anodes

Cited 86 time in Web of Science Cited 88 time in Scopus
Authors
Yu, Seung-Ho; Lee, Dong Jun; Park, Mihyun; Kwon, Soon Gu; Lee, Hyeon Seok; Jin, Aihua; Lee, Kug-Seung; Lee, Ji Eun; Oh, Myoung Hwan; Kang, Kisuk; Sung, Yung-Eun; Hyeon, Taeghwan
Issue Date
2015-09
Citation
Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol.137 No.37, pp.11954-11961
Abstract
We report a simple synthetic method of carbon-based hybrid cellular nanosheets that exhibit outstanding electrochemical performance for many key aspects of lithium-ion battery electrodes. The nanosheets consist of close-packed cubic cavity cells partitioned by carbon walls, resembling plant leaf tissue. We loaded carbon cellular nanosheets with SnO2 nanoparticles by vapor deposition method and tested the performance of the resulting SnO2-carbon nanosheets as anode materials. The specific capacity is 944 mAh g(-1) on average with a retention of 97.0% during 300 cycles, and the reversible capacity is decreased by only 20% as the current density is increased from 200 to 3000 mA g(-1). In order to explain the excellent electrochemical performance, the hybrid cellular nanosheets were analyzed with cyclic voltammetry, in situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy, and transmission electron microscopy. We found that the high packing density, large interior surface area, and rigid carbon wall network are responsible for the high specific capacity, lithiation/delithiation reversibility, and cycling stability. Furthermore, the nanosheet structure leads to the high rate capability due to fast Li-ion diffusion in the thickness direction.
ISSN
0002-7863
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/165078
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1021/jacs.5b03673
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering (화학생물공학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_화학생물공학부)
College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering (화학생물공학부)Chemical Convergence for Energy and Environment (에너지환경 화학융합기술전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_에너지환경 화학융합기술전공)
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