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Novel transition-metal-free cathode for high energy and power sodium rechargeable batteries

Cited 49 time in Web of Science Cited 50 time in Scopus
Authors
Kim, Haegyeom; Park, Young-Uk; Park, Kyu-Young; Lim, Hee-Dae; Hong, Jihyun; Kang, Kisuk
Issue Date
2014-03
Citation
Nano Energy, Vol.4, pp.97-104
Keywords
SodiumBatteriesElectrochemistryEnergy storageGraphite
Abstract
A low-cost and high-performance energy storage device is a key component for sustainable energy utilization. Recently, sodium (Na) ion batteries have been highlighted as a possible competitor to lithium (Li) ion batteries due to their potential merit in the cost effectiveness. Na resources are earth-abundant, and Na electrochemistry shares many similarities with Li. However, their relatively low energy/power densities and unreliable cycle stability need to be addressed. Herein, we propose a novel high-performance cathode for Na rechargeable batteries based on mass-scalable functionalized graphite nanoplatelets. This new class cathode material can deliver a high energy of similar to 500W h kg(-1) without noticeable capacity decay after 300 cycles. Furthermore, it can retain an energy of similar to 100 W h kg(-1) at a power of 55 kW kg(-1) (less than 10-s charge/discharge), which is the highest among cathodes for Na ion batteries. This transition-metalfree high-performance cathode is expected to lead to the development of low-cost and high-performance Na rechargeable batteries. (c) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN
2211-2855
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/165088
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nanoen.2013.12.009
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Material Science and Engineering (재료공학부) Journal Papers (저널논문_재료공학부)
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