S-Space College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원) Dept. of Material Science and Engineering (재료공학부) Journal Papers (저널논문_재료공학부)
The electronic structure and band gap of LiFePO4 and LiMnPO4
- Zhou, Fei; Kang, Kisuk; Maxisch, Thomas; Ceder, Gerbrand; Morgan, Dane
- Issue Date
- Solid State Communications, Vol.132 No.3-4, pp.181-186
- Materials with the olivine LixMPO4 structure form an important new class of materials for rechargeable Li batteries. There is significant interest in their electronic properties because of the importance of electronic conductivity in batteries for high-rate applications. The density of states of LixMPO4 (x = 0, 1 and M = Fe, Mn) has been determined with the ab initio generalized gradient approximation (GGA) + U method, appropriate for these correlated electron systems. Computed results are compared with the optical gap of LiFePO4, as measured using UV-Vis-NIR diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. The results obtained from experiment (3.8-4.0 eV) and GGA + U computations (3.7 eV) are in very good agreement. However, standard GGA, without the same level of treatment of electron correlation, is shown to make large errors in predicting the electronic structure. It is argued that olivines are likely to be polaronic conductors with extrinsically determined carrier levels and that their electronic conductivity is therefore not simply related to the band gap. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.