S-Space College of Social Sciences (사회과학대학) Institute of Economics Research (경제연구소) Seoul Journal of Economics (SJE) Seoul Journal of Economics vol.33 no.1~4 (2020)
Social and Economic Transformation in Tanzania and South Korea: Ujamaa and Saemaul Undong in the 1970s Compared
- Issue Date
- Seoul Journal of Economics, Vol.33 No.2, pp. 195-231
- Tanzania ; South Korea ; Ujamaa ; Saemaul Undong ; Rural development ; Social innovation ; Economic transformation
- Julius Nyerere and Park Chung-hee carried out ambitious and important social and economic reforms for rural development in the 1970s in Tanzania and South Korea, respectively. The reforms not only affected the livelihood of rural people but also had longreaching impact on the entire nations. Despite the visionary and generally benevolent rulers policy initiatives, the economic results of the rural development programs in the two countries cannot be more different. This paper contrasts and explores the importance of the nature of the transformation strategy and processes, as brought about by differences in leadership as well as in political philosophies and developmental goals, as a possible explanation for the drastically different economic outcomes of Tanzanias Ujamaa and South Koreas Saemaul Undong.