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Distant vs. Familiar Significant Others: Attitudes towards Absent Muslim Refugees and Extant Labor Migrants in Poland

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Authors
Michał Buchowski
Issue Date
2020-05
Publisher
The Institute for Peace and Unification Studies, Seoul National University
Citation
Asian Journal of Peacebuilding, Vol.8 No.1, pp. 73-91
Keywords
refugeesmigrationMuslimsUkrainiansIslamophobiaSignificant Others
Abstract
Poles exhibit contrasting attitudes towards absent Muslim refugees and physically present Ukrainian labor immigrants. Both groups have been historically seen as Significant Others, potentially perilous to the nation. Today, however, Muslims are rejected, while Ukrainians are accepted. This situation can be attributed to historical, ethnic, political, social, and economic factors, all of which are discussed here. The ethnic, linguistic, and religious superhomogeneity of Polish society affects the approach to the culturally distant Muslim migrants who were cynically rejected by the right-wing populist authorities during the 2015 refugee crisis. Economic necessity justifies the acceptance of the Ukrainians, who are perceived as culturally close. It is argued here that within the category of Significant Others, it is necessary to distinguish between Distant/Absent/Hostile and Familiar/Present/Tolerated Significant Others.
ISSN
2288-2693 (print)
2288-2707 (online)
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/168496
DOI
https://doi.org/10.18588/202005.00a121
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Researcher Institutes (연구소, 연구원)Institute for Peace and Unification Studies (통일평화연구원)Asian Journal of Peacebuilding (AJP)Asian Journal of Peacebuilding vol.08 no.01-02 (2020)
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