A Comparative Study of Old-age Support in China and Korea : 한중 노인부양 비교 연구: 가족부양과 사회부양을 중심으로
Focusing on the Family Support and Society Support

DC Field Value Language
dc.contributor.advisorCheong, Young-Rok-
dc.contributor.authorSu Chengyuan-
dc.description학위논문 (석사) -- 서울대학교 대학원 : 국제대학원 국제학과(국제지역학전공), 2020. 8. Cheong, Young-Rok.-
dc.description.abstractWith the development of social economy, the improvement of peoples living standards and the progress of medical and health services, the aging of population has become an irreversible trend in todays world. The aging problem has brought a series of problems to each country, among which the elderly support issue is the most prominent and intractable.
China and Korea have a large number of elderly people and a fast speed of aging of population. The pressure of old-age support in two countries is self-evident. Elderly support is closely related to political economic development and social cultural background. Both being in the East Asia, China and Korea have similarities and comparability in cultural aspects, rapid social economic development and the influence of political factors, etc.
This paper presents a comparative study of China and Koreas elderly support by examining the characteristics and development trend of aging population, the similarities and differences of family support and society support between the two countries. In this paper, the political, economic and cultural factors on old-age support is analyzed. It is the influence of Confucianism let to their commonality in the dominance of family support, as well as the rapid social economic changes led to the same trend that the family support is weakened in the two countries.
Regrading to the differences, this paper argues that the introduction of Elderly-Friendly Industry Promotion Act has played a critical part in providing legal protection and support for the development of aging industry in Korea, hence leading to the higher level of society support for the elderly in Korea than China.
This comparison will present important insights into the future solutions on aging of population in China and Korea.
dc.description.abstract사회경제의 발전과 국민의 생활수준의 향상, 의료보건서비스의 진전으로 인구고령화는 오늘날 세계에서 돌이킬 수 없는 추세가 되었다. 고령화 문제는 각국에 연쇄적인 문제를 가져왔는데, 그 중 노인부양 문제가 가장 두드러지고 어렵다.
중국과 한국은 고령자가 많고 인구 고령화 속도가 빠르다. 두 나라의 노인부양 스트레스가 심하다. 노인부양은 정치경제 발전하고 사회문화적 배경과 밀접한 관련이 있다. 동아시아에 있는 중국과 한국은 정치적, 사회경제적, 문화적 등 측면에서의 유사성과 비교가능성을 가지고 있다.
본 논문에서는 두 나라의 고령화 특징과 발전 과정, 양국 간 가족부양과 사회부양의 유사성과 차이에 대한 비교 연구를 제시한다.
본 논문은 주로 가족부양의 큰 비중에 있어서 두 나라의 공통성에 맡겨진 것이 유교의 영향이며, 급속한 사회경제적 변화로 인해 두 나라에서는 가족부양이 약화되고 있다고 주장한다.
한편, 고령친화산업진흥법의 도입은 한국의 고령화산업에 대한 법적 보호와 지원을 제공하는 데 중요한 역할을 해왔으며, 이에 따라 중국보다 한국의 고령자 사회부양이 더 높은 수준으로 이어지고 있다.
본 논문은 중국과 한국의 인구 고령화에 대한 미래의 해결책에 도움이 될 것을 진심으로 기대한다.
dc.description.tableofcontentsChapter 1. Introduction 1
1.1. Study background 1
1.2. Research framework 5
1.3. Research methodology 7
1.4. Significance 8

Chapter 2. Literature Review and Theoretical Background 10
2.1. Aging population 10
2.2. Old-age support 11
2.3. Chinas old-age support in the existing literature 12
2.4. Koreas old-age support in the existing literature 14
2.5. Discussion 15

Chapter 3. Overview of Aging Population and Old-age Support in China and Korea 17
3.1. The development process and current situation of aging population in China and Korea 17
3.2. The development process and current situation of old-age support in China and Korea 19
3.2.1. The historical development 19
3.2.2. The modern transformation 21

Chapter 4. Comparison of Old-age Support Between China and Korea 28
4.1. Similarities between China and Korea 28
4.2. Differences between China and Korea 33
4.2.1 The introduction of Elderly-Friendly Industry Promotion Act in Korea 33
4.2.2 The development of society support in Korea after the introduction of Elderly-Friendly Industry Promotion Act 36
4.2.3 Policy responses of Chinese government in promoting the aging industry. 38

Chapter 5. Conclusions 43
5.1. Conclusions 43
5.2. Discussion 44
5.3. Limitations 46

Bibliography 47
dc.publisher서울대학교 대학원-
dc.subjectAging of population-
dc.subjectold-age support-
dc.subjectfamily support-
dc.subjectsociety support-
dc.subject인구 고령화-
dc.subject노인 부양-
dc.titleA Comparative Study of Old-age Support in China and Korea-
dc.title.alternative한중 노인부양 비교 연구: 가족부양과 사회부양을 중심으로-
dc.contributor.department국제대학원 국제학과(국제지역학전공)-
dc.title.subtitleFocusing on the Family Support and Society Support-
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Graduate School of International Studies (국제대학원)Dept. of International Studies (국제학과)Theses (Master's Degree_국제학과)
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