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In situ electrochemical surface modification for high-voltage LiCoO2 in lithium ion batteries

Cited 23 time in Web of Science Cited 0 time in Scopus
Issue Date
2019-06
Citation
Journal of Power Sources, Vol.426, pp.162-168
Keywords
Cathode electrolyte interphaseLithium cobalt oxideCathodeSurface modificationLithium ion batteries
Abstract
High-voltage LiCoO2 has been revisited to improve the energy density of lithium ion batteries. LiCoO2 can deliver the reversible capacity of about 200 mA h g(-1) when the upper cut-off voltage increases to 4.55 V (vs. Li/Li+). However, the high upper cut-off voltage causes the severe failures of LiCoO2 such as structural degradation, electrolyte decomposition, and Co dissolution. Various surface-modified LiCoO2 materials have been introduced to suppress electrolyte decomposition and Co dissolution, thereby leading to the improved electrochemical performance. Most of the coated LiCoO2 materials are obtained through a conventional coating process such as sol-gel synthesis, which is complex and high-cost. In this paper, the in situ electrochemical coating method is introduced as a simple and low-cost coating process, where the electrolyte additive of Mg salts is electrochemically decomposed to form a MgF2-based coating layer on the LiCoO2 surface. LiCoO2 electrochemically coated with MgF2 suppresses Co dissolution in electrolytes, resulting in excellent electrochemical performance such as high reversible capacity of 198 mA h g(-1) and stable cycle performance over 100 cycles in the voltage range between 3 and 4.55 V (vs. Li/Li+) at 45 degrees C. The formation mechanism of MgF2 is also demonstrated through ex situ XPS and XANES analyses.
ISSN
0378-7753
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/171851
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2019.04.011
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering (화학생물공학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_화학생물공학부)
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