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Scalable Solid-State Synthesis of Self-Assembled Si Nanoparticles in Spherical Carbons through Relative Miscibility for Li-Ion Batteries

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Authors
Park, Yuwon; Lim, Jaewoong; Mok, Duckgyun; Kim, Youngjin; Kwon, Mi-Sook; Lee, Kyu Tae
Issue Date
2019-04
Citation
Journal of the Electrochemical Society, Vol.166 No.6, pp.A1127-A1131
Abstract
Nanosized Si-based materials have been extensively investigated because of their high gravimetric capacity and stable cycle performance. However, the tap density of nanosized materials is poor, leading to poor volumetric capacity. In this regard, micrometer-sized Si nanoparticles and carbon composites have been introduced to improve the volumetric energy density of Li-ion cells. However, most synthesismethods for these Si/C composites are complex, and thus, only a few methods among them are scalable for mass production. Herein, a scalable solid-state synthesis through self-assembly due to the relative miscibility of hydrophobic and hydrophilic precursors is introduced to obtain micrometer-sized porous carbon spheres containing nanosized Si particles. The self-assembly synthesis uses hydrophilic Si/SiO2 core-shell nanoparticles, hydrophilic phenolic resins, and hydrophobic fumed silica. Because phenolic resin melts and Si/SiO2 core-shells are miscible, the Si/SiO2 core-shells are embedded in the phenolic resins. Immiscible phenolic resin melts and fumed silica lead to the formation of spherical resins. Eventually, the self-assembled micrometer-sized Si/C composite spheres are obtained after heating and HF etching. The tap density of the self-assembled Si/C spheres is much higher than that of the bare Si nanoparticles. In addition, the self-assembled Si/C composite shows excellent cycle performance because of voids in the composite. (C) 2019 The Electrochemical Society.
ISSN
0013-4651
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/171852
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1149/2.0891906jes
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering (화학생물공학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_화학생물공학부)
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