S-Space College of Veterinary Medicine (수의과대학) Dept. of Veterinary Medicine (수의학과) Journal Papers (저널논문_수의학과)
Antitumor effects of genetically engineered stem cells expressing yeast cytosine deaminase in lung cancer brain metastases via their tumor-tropic properties
- Yi, Bo-Rim; Kim, Seung U.; Kim, Yun-Bae; Lee, Hong Jun; Cho, Myung-Haing; Choi, Kyung-Chul
- Issue Date
- Oncology Reports, Vol.27 No.6, pp.1823-1828
- Although mortality related with primary tumors is approximately 10%, metastasis leads to 90% of cancer-associated death. The majority of brain metastases result from lung cancer, but the metastatic mechanism remains unclear. In general, chemotherapy for treating brain diseases is disrupted by the brain blood barrier (BBB). As an approach to improve treatment of lung cancer metastasis to the brain, we employed genetically engineered stem cells (GESTECs), consisting of neural stem cells (NSCs) expressing a suicide gene. Cytosine deaminase (Cl)), one of the suicide genes, originating from bacterial (bCD) or yeast (yCD), which can convert the nontoxic prodrug, 5-fluorocytosine (5-FC), into 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), can inhibit cancer cell growth. We examined the therapeutic efficacy and migratory properties of GESTECs expressing yCD, designated as HB1.F3.yCD, in a xenograft mouse model of lung cancer metastasis to the brain. In this model, A549 lung cancer cells were implanted in the right hemisphere of the mouse brain, while CM-DiI pre-stained HB1.F3.yCD cells were implanted in the contralateral brain. Two days after the injection of stem cells, 5-FC was administered via intraperitoneal injection. The tumor-tropic effect of HB1.F3.yCD was evident by fluorescent analysis, in which red-colored stem cells migrated to the lung tumor mass of the contralateral brain. By histological analysis of extracted brain, the therapeutic efficacy of HBI.F3.yCD in the presence of 5-FC was confirmed by the reduction in density and aggressive tendency of lung cancer cells following treatment with 5-FC, compared to a negative control or HB1.F3.yCD injection without 5-FC. Taken together, these results indicate that HB1.F3.yCD expressing a suicide gene may be a new therapeutic strategy for lung cancer metastases to the brain in the presence of a prodrug.
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