S-Space College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원) Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering (재료공학부) Journal Papers (저널논문_재료공학부)
Anionic Redox Activity Regulated by Transition Metal in Lithium-Rich Layered Oxides
- Issue Date
- Wiley-VCH Verlag
- Advanced Energy Materials, Vol.10 No.31, p. 2001207
- The anionic redox activity in lithium-rich layered oxides has the potential to boost the energy density of lithium-ion batteries. Although it is widely accepted that the anionic redox activity stems from the orphaned oxygen energy level, its regulation and structural stabilization, which are essential for practical employment, remain still elusive, requiring an improved fundamental understanding. Herein, the oxygen redox activity for a wide range of 3dtransition-metal-based Li(2)TMO(3)compounds is investigated and the intrinsic competition between the cationic and anionic redox reaction is unveiled. It is demonstrated that the energy level of the orphaned oxygen state (and, correspondingly, the activity) is delicately governed by the type and number of neighboring transition metals owing to the pi-type interactions between Li-O-Li and Mt(2g)states. Based on these findings, a simple model that can be used to estimate the anionic redox activity of various lithium-rich layered oxides is proposed. The model explains the recently reported significantly different oxygen redox voltages or inactivity in lithium-rich materials despite the commonly observed Li-O-Li states with presumably unhybridized character. The discovery of hidden factors that rule the anionic redox in lithium-rich cathode materials will aid in enabling controlled cumulative cationic and anionic redox reactions.
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