S-Space College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원) Dept. of Architecture and Architectural Engineering (건축학과) Journal Papers (저널논문_건축학과)
Behavior of Double Skin Composite Wall Subjected to In-Plane Cyclic Loading
- Eom, Tae-Sung; Park, Hong-Gun; Lee, Cheol-Ho; Kim, Jin-Ho; Chang, In-Hwa
- Issue Date
- American Society of Civil Engineers
- J. Struct. Eng., 135(10), 1239-1249
- Cyclic loads; Seismic tests; Coupled walls; Shear wallsShear wallsShear wallsShear walls; Composite structures
- Structural walls have long been used as an efficient lateral forceresisting
system for buildings. Although, traditionally, walls have
been constructed with reinforced concrete, steel plate walls are a
promising alternative. Steel plate walls can reduce the weight of
the structure, increase the usable floor area by the use of relatively
thin walls, and enable rapid construction.
Three types of steel plate walls have been studied: framed steel
plate wall Fig. 1 a , Driver et al. 1998 , Park et al. 2007 ,
profiled composite framed wall Fig. 1 b , Hossain and Wright
2004a,b,c, 2005 , and double skin composite wall Fig. 1 c ,
Wright et al. 1991a,b . The framed steel plate wall comprises a
steel moment frame and an infill steel plate. The profiled composite
framed wall comprises a boundary steel frame, profiled steel
sheets connected to the steel frame, and infill concrete. Experimental
tests were performed for the framed steel plate wall and
the profiled composite framed wall. Based on the results, analysis
and design methods have been developed.
A double skin composite wall comprises two steel plates connected
by tie bars Wright et al. 1991a,b and an infill of concrete.
The double skin composite wall is a good choice when thin and
uniform wall thickness is required. The composite action of the
concrete and steel plates provides strength and stiffness for the
wall. The filled concrete prevents early buckling of the steel
plates, while the steel plates are used as the formwork for the
concrete filler during construction.
Wright et al. 1991a tested double skin composite beams and
columns subjected to static loading. Based on their test results,
they developed design methods for double skin composite members,
which are similar to the design methods used for doubly
reinforced concrete members Wright et al. 1991b . The local
buckling of the steel plate skins and the shear strength of the tie
bars connecting the steel plate skins have been evaluated by
Wright et al. 1991b , Wright 1995 , and Liang et al. 2004 . Xie
and Chapman 2006 developed detailed design methods for
double skin composite beams subjected to static loading and fatigue
loading. These previous studies focused on double skin
composite beams and columns.
In the present study, we investigated the structural capacity of
double skin composite walls as a lateral force-resisting system.
Cyclic tests were performed for both slender isolated walls and
coupled walls. The seismic resistance of the walls including the
load-carrying capacity and ductility was evaluated.
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