Interobserver variation among pathologists and refinement of criteria in distinguishing separate primary tumors from intrapulmonary metastases in lung

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Nicholson, Andrew G.; Torkko, Kathleen; Viola, Patrizia; Duhig, Edwina; Geisinger, Kim; Borczuk, Alain C.; Hiroshima, Kenzo; Tsao, Ming S.; Warth, Arne; Lantuejoul, Sylvie; Russell, Prudence A.; Thunnissen, Erik; Marchevsky, Alberto; Mino-Kenudson, Mari; Beasley, Mary Beth; Botling, Johan; Dacic, Sanja; Yatabe, Yasushi; Noguchi, Masayuki; Travis, William D.; Kerr, Keith; Hirsch, Fred R.; Chirieac, Lucian R.; Wistuba, Ignacio I.; Moreira, Andre; Chung, Jin-Haeng; Chou, Teh Ying; Bubendorf, Lukas; Chen, Gang; Pelosi, Giuseppe; Poleri, Claudia; Detterbeck, Frank C.; Franklin, Wilbur A.

Issue Date
Elsevier Inc.
Journal of Thoracic Oncology, Vol.13 No.2, pp.205-217
Multiple tumor nodules are seen with increasing frequency in clinical practice. On the basis of the 2015 WHO classification of lung tumors, we assessed the reproducibility of the comprehensive histologic assessment to distinguish second primary lung cancers (SPLCs) from intrapulmonary metastases (IPMs), looking for the most distinctive histologic features. An international panel of lung pathologists reviewed a scanned sequential cohort of 126 tumors from 48 patients and recorded an agreed set of histologic features, including tumor typing and predominant pattern of adenocarcinoma, thereby opining whether the case was SPLC, IPM, or a combination thereof. Cohen kappa statistics of 0.60 on overall assessment of SPLC or IPM indicated a good agreement. Likewise, there was good agreement (kappa score 0.64, p < 0.0001) between WHO histologic pattern in individual cases and SPLC or IPM status, but the proportions diversified for histologic pattern and SPLC or IPM status (McNemar test, p < 0.0001). The strongest associations for distinguishing between SPLC and IPM were observed for nuclear pleomorphism, cell size, acinus formation, nucleolar size, mitotic rate, nuclear inclusions, intraalveolar clusters, and necrosis. Conversely, the associations for lymphocytosis, mucin content, lepidic growth, vascular invasion, macrophage response, clear cell change, acute inflammation keratinization, and emperipolesis did not reach significance with tumor extent. Comprehensive histologic assessment is recommended for distinguishing SPLC from IPM with good reproducibility among lung pathologists. In addition to main histologic type and predominant patterns of histologic subtypes, nuclear pleomorphism, cell size, acinus formation, nucleolar size, and mitotic rate strongly correlate with pathologic staging status. (C) 2017 International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Dept. of Medicine (의학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_의학과)
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