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CD4(+)FOXP3(+) Regulatory T Cells Exhibit Impaired Ability to Suppress Effector T Cell Proliferation in Patients with Turner Syndrome : CD4+FOXP3+ Regulatory T Cells Exhibit Impaired Ability to Suppress Effector T Cell Proliferation in Patients with Turner Syndrome

Cited 12 time in Web of Science Cited 11 time in Scopus

Lee, Young Ah; Kim, Hang-Rae; Lee, Jeong Seon; Jung, Hae Woon; Kim, Hwa Young; Lee, Gyung Min; Lee, Jieun; Sim, Ji Hyun; Oh, Sae Jin; Chung, Doo Hyun; Shin, Choong Ho; Yang, Sei Won

Issue Date
Public Library of Science
PLoS ONE, Vol.10 No.12, p. e0144549
Objective We investigated whether the frequency, phenotype, and suppressive function of CD4(+)FOXP3(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs) are altered in young TS patients with the 45, X karyotype compared to age-matched controls. Design and Methods Peripheral blood mononuclear cells from young TS patients (n = 24, 17.4-35.9 years) and healthy controls (n = 16) were stained with various Treg markers to characterize their phenotypes. Based on the presence of thyroid autoimmunity, patients were categorized into TS (-) (n = 7) and TS (+) (n = 17). Tregs sorted for CD4(+)CD25(bright) were co-cultured with autologous CD4(+)CD25(-) target cells in the presence of anti-CD3 and -CD28 antibodies to assess their suppressive function. Results Despite a lower frequency of CD4(+) T cells in the TS (-) and TS (+) patients (mean 30.8% and 31.7%, vs. 41.2%; P = 0.003 and P < 0.001, respectively), both groups exhibited a higher frequency of FOXP3(+) Tregs among CD4(+) T cells compared with controls (means 1.99% and 2.05%, vs. 1.33%; P = 0.029 and P = 0.004, respectively). There were no differences in the expression of CTLA-4 and the frequency of Tregs expressing CXCR3(+), and CCR4(+)CCR6(+) among the three groups. However, the ability of Tregs to suppress the in vitro proliferation of autologous CD4(+)CD25(-) T cells was significantly impaired in the TS (-) and TS (+) patients compared to controls (P = 0.003 and P = 0.041). Meanwhile, both the TS (-) and TS (+) groups had lower frequencies of naive cells (P = 0.001 for both) but higher frequencies of effector memory cells (P = 0.004 and P = 0.002) than did the healthy control group. Conclusions The Tregs of the TS patients could not efficiently suppress the proliferation of autologous effector T cells, despite their increased frequency in peripheral CD4(+) T cells.
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  • College of Medicine
Research Area Function, Immune modulation by metabolites, T-cell anergy, differentiation of memory CD8+ T cells, metabolism


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