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20세기 셰익스피어 비평 -심리적 접근법과 시적 접근법-
Twentieth-Century Shakespeare Criticism:Psychological Approach vs Poetic Approach

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Authors
이경식
Issue Date
1980
Publisher
서울대학교 인문대학
Citation
인문논총, Vol.5, pp. 103-130
Abstract
This article aims at comparing and evaluating psychological and poetic approaches, the
two dominant critical methods of the 20th century Shakespeare criticism, and historical
approach, another form of the 20 century critical method, has been mentioned whenever
necessary.
Bradley's Shakespearean Tragedy which was the culminating product of psychological
approach or character criticism was attacked by poetic approach later known as the New
Criticism which argued that a Shakespeare play is a dramatic poem and should be dealt
with as such but not as a character-novel. F.R. Leavis, L.C. Knights, D.A. Traversicore
members of the so-called Scrutiny group--and American New Critics were more or less
successful in bringing about a general disparagement of Bradley's point of view as well as
his psychological approach. Among them Knights was perhaps most effecient and persuasive
in effecting the relegation of Bradley. In his ironical title 'How Many Children Had
Lady Macbeth?' he argued that the most important thing in a play is the words on the
page and that images and their verse setting should be given full consideration to.
According to him, to stress character or plot is to impoverish the total response of a play
and to detach a character from its natural surroundings is fatal to the proper understanding
of the play. More often than not, champions of poetic approach went too far and reduced
Shakespeare's plays to images and irony, explaining them as if they were a self-contained
universe without any extraneous reference.
As no critical method is absolute and foolproof, both psychological and poetic approaches
were attacked by scholarship or historical criticism, which argued that Shakespeare should
be interpreted in terms of Elizabethan political philosophy, stage conditions and dramatic
conventions.
Bradley's line of criticism, however, not only survived the salvo from both the historical
and New Critics but also continued to prosper as critical works of so many devout Bradleyites
and anti-New Critics witness.
In conclusion, the ideal critical method could be obtained by integrating all the existing
methods.
ISSN
1598-3021
Language
Korean
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/26060
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Appears in Collections:
College of Humanities (인문대학)Institute of Humanities (인문학연구원)Journal of humanities (인문논총)Journal of Humanities vol.05 (1980) (인문논총)
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