S-Space College of Humanities (인문대학) Institute of Humanities (인문학연구원) Journal of humanities (인문논총) Journal of Humanities vol.36 (1996) (인문논총)
접속문의 독립성과 의존성에 대하여
On the Independency and Dependency in Korean Connective Constructions
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 인문대학 인문학연구소
- 인문논총, Vol.36, pp. 1-19
- This paper is an attempt to clarify the interclausal syntactic relation in Korean connective constructions. The distinction between coordination and subordination in Korean is not always clear-cut, but is often a matter of degree. To investigate the degree of the interclausal relation in Korean more closely, the concept of independency and dependency was introduced. The independency means that the preceding clause in connective constructions has it's own subject and prefinal endings. On the other hand the dependency means that the preceding clause shares one subject or prefinal endings with the main clause. The independency degree of preceding clause is said to be the highest when the preceding clause and the main clause share only conclusive ending that is representing illocutionary force. The dependency degree of preceding clause is high when it has neither independent subject nor independent prefinal endings. So the general tendency of interclausal relation in connective constructions is represented as following; The more dependent the preceding clause is on the main clause, the less likely are independently-expressed subject and prefinal endings to appear in the preceding clause. We could conclude that the independency of preceding clause is represented as following on the whole; contrastive clauses > enumerative clauses > selective clauses > background clauses > cause clauses > conditional clauses > concessive clauses > resultative clauses > temporal preceding clauses.